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POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol • 2 



282 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 




INDEX 
TM 31-210 



Armor materials 160 
Battery, short lasting 154, 

two hour 157 
Carbine, 7.62 mm 46 
Cartridge, rifle 61 
Cone charge, vine bottle 23 
Dust explosions 12 
Explosions, dust 12 
Fertilizer explosive 14 
Fire bottle, chemical 84, 

mechanically initiated 
Fuse cords, fast burning 118 

- _ , . slow burning 119 
belled flame fuels, alcohol-lye 94 

alcohol-soap 96 
blood 102 

egg 97 
latex 99 
lye 93 
wax 101 
Generator, automobile 152 

bicycle 150 
Grenade, nail 21 

pipe 19 

tin can land mine 25 
Gun, match 55 

Igniter, fuse, from book matches 108 

from book matches 86 
delay, cigarette 110 
from book matches 36 

fuse, from book matches 108 

no flash, fuse 114 
Incendiary, acid delay 104 
Initiator, electric bulb 106 

for dust explosions 12 



88 



Igniter, 



Launcher, fire bottle 73 

grenade, 70, 77 
recoilless 63 
rope, grenade 148 
shotgun, grenade 65 

six mm mortar projectile 81 

Mine, mortar, scrap 27 

Nitric acid 9 

Pistol, pipe, .45 cal. 52 

9 mm 36 
Plastic explosive filler 5 
Potassium nitrate 6 
Primer, reusable 50 
Propellant, red or white powder 16 
Recoilles launcher 63 
Scale, improvised 146 
Shaped charge, coke bottle 30 

cylindrical cavity 33 

Shotgun, 12 guage 40 

Shotshell dispersion control 44 
Switch, altimeter 141 

clothespin 133 

flexible plate 
knife 145 

metal ball 139 
mousetrap 135 
pull-loop 143 
Time delay, can liquid 

dried seed 
grenade 122 
long term 129 
short term 126 

vatch 112 



137 



124 

116 



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IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 

HANDBOOK 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Section 



special warfare work. This Manual includes methods for fabricating 
explosives, detonators, propellants, shaped charges, small arms, 
mortars, incendiaries, delays, switches, and similar items from indige- 
nous materials. 



2. Safety and Reliability 

Each item was evaluated both theoretically and experimentally to 
assure safety and reliability. A large number of Items were discarded 
because of inherent hazards or unreliable performance. Safety warnings 
are prominently inserted in the procedures where they apply but it is 
emphasized that safety is a matter of attitude. It is a proven fact that 
men who are alert, who think out a situation, and who take correct pre- 
cautions have fewer accidents than the careless and indifferent. It is 
important that work be planned and that instructions be followed to the 
letter; all work should be done in a neat and orderly manner. In the 
manufacture explosives, detonators, propellants and incendiaries, 
equipment must be kept clean and such energy concentrations as sparks , 



I EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS 
(Including Igniters) 

II MINES AND GRENADES 

m SMALL ARMS WEAPONS AND AMMUNITION 

IV MORTARS AND ROCKETS 

V INCENDIARY DEVICES 

VI FUSES, DETONATORS &t DELAY MECHANISMS 

VII MISCELLANEOUS 

FRANKFORD ARSENAL 

Philadelphia Pennsylvania 



friction, impact, hot objects, flame, chemical reactions, and exces- 
sive pressure should be avoided. 

These items were found to be effective in most environments; 
however, samples should be made and tested remotely prior to actual 
use of assure proper performance. Chemical items should be used as 
soon as possible after preparation and kept free of moisture, dirt, and 
the above energy concentrations. Special care should be taken in any 
attempt at substitution or use of items for purposes other than that spec- 
ified or intended. j- Section I 

D No. i 
PLASTIC EXPLOSIVE FILLER 

A plastic expletive filler can be n\adc from potassium chlorite 
and petroleum jelly. Thia explosive can be detonated with commer- 
cial #8 or any military blasting cap. 



INTRODUCTION 

1 . Purpose and Scope 

In Unconventional Warfare operations it may be impossible or un- 
wise to use conventional military munitions as tools In the conduct of 
certain missions. It may be necessary instead to fabricate the required 
munitions from locally available or unassuming materials. The pur- 
pose of this Manual is to increase the potential of Special Forces and 
guerrilla troops by describing in detail the manufacture of munitions 
from seemingly innocuous locally available materials. 

Manufactured, precision devices almost always will be more effec- 
tive, more reliable, and easier to use than improvised ones, but shelf 
items will just not be available for certain operations for security or 
logistical reasons. Therefore the operator will have to rely on mate- 
rials he can buy in a drug or paint store, find in a junk pile, or scrounge 
from military stocks. Also, many of the ingredients and materials used 
in fabricating homemade items are so commonplace or innocuous they 
can be carried without arousing suspicion. The completed item itself 
often is more easily concealed or camouflaged. In addition, the field 
expedient item can be tailored for the intended target, thereby pro- 
viding an advantage over the standard item in flexibility and versatility. 

The Manual contains simple explanations and illustrations to permit 
construction of the items by personnel not normally familiar with making 
and handling munitions. These items were conceived in-house or, ob- 
< talned from other publications or persounel engaged in munitions or 



MATERIAL REQUIRED 



Potassium chlorate 



Petroleum jelly (Vaseline) 



Piece of round stick 

"s 

Wide bowl or other container for 
mixing ingredients. 

PROCEDURE 



HOW USED 

Medicine 
M&nufacture of mate he 

Medicine 
Lubricant 



I. Spread potassium chlorate 
crystals thinly on a hard surface; 
Roll the round stick over crystal* 
to crush into a very fine powder 
until it looks like face powder or 
wheat flour. 



2. Place 9 parte powdered potas- 
sium chlorate and 1 part petro- 
leum jelly in a wide bowl or simi- 
lar container. Mix ingredients 
with hands (knead) until a uniform 
paate is obtained. 





Store explosive in a waterproof container until Veady to use, 



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IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



Section I 

6 No, 2 

POTASSIUM NITRATE 
Potassium nitrate (saltpeter) can be extracted from many natural 
sources and can be used to make nitric acid, black powder and many 
pyrotechnics. The yield ranges from . 1 to 10% by weight, depending 
on the fertility of the soil. 



3. Place dirt in bucket, 



MATERIALS 

Nitrate bearing earth or other 

material, about 3-1/2 gallons 

(13-1/2 liters) 



Fine wood ashes, about 1/2 cup 
(1/8 liter) 



SOURCE 

Soil containing old decayed 

vegetable or animal 

matter 
Old cellars and/or farm 

dirt floors 
Earth from old burial 

grounds 
Decayed stone or mortar 

building foundations 
Totally burned whitish wood 

ash powder 
Totally burned paper (black) 



Bucket or similar container, about 
5 gallons <19 liters) in volume 

(Plastic, metal, or wood) 
2 pieces of finely woven cloth, each 

slightly larger than bottom of 

bucket 
Shallow pan or dish, at least as 

large as bottom of bucket 
Shallow heat resistant container 

(ceramic, metal, etc.) 
Water - 1-3/4 gallons (6-3/4 liters) 
Awl, knife, screwdriver, or other 

hole producing instrument 
Alcohol about 1 gallon (4 liters) 

(whiskey, rubbing alcohol, etc.) 
Heat source (fire, electric heater, etc.) 
Paper 

Tape 

NOTE: Only the ratios of the amounts of ingredients are important. 
Thus, for twice as much potassium nitrate, double quantities used. 

7 

PROCEDURE : 

1. Punch holes in bottom of bucket. Spread one piece of cloth over 
holes inside of bucket. 



4. Place bucket over shallow 
container. Bucket may be sup- 
ported on sticks if necessary. 



8 




Bucket 



Shallow 
Container 




Cloth 




5. Boil water and pour it over earth in bucket a little at a time 
Allow water to run through holes in bucket into shallow container Be 
sure water goes through all of the earth. Allow drained liquid to cool 
and settle for 1 to 2 hours . 

NOTE: Do not pour all of the water at once, since this may cause 
stoppage. 

6. Carefully drain off liquid into heat resistant container. Discard 
any sludge remaining in bottom of the shallow container. 



Improvised 
Strainer 

7, Boil mixture over hot 

fire for at least 2 hours. 

Small grains of salt will 

begin to appear in the solu- 
tion. Scoop these out as 

they form, using any type 

of improvised strainer 

(paper, etc.). 




Heat 

Resistant 

Container 



Heat Source 



Bottom of bucket 



2. Place wood ashes on cloth and 
spread to make a layer about the 
thickness of the cloth. Place 
second piece of cloth on top of ashes. 



Cloth 



Wood 
Ashes 

Cloth 




8. When liquid has boiled down to 
approximately half its original vol- 
ume, remove from fire and let sit. 
After half an hour add an equal vol- 
ume of alcohol. When mixture is 
poured through paper, small white 
crystals will collect on top of it. 



Paper 




Tape 



that appear (Sten 7V nn.it- tw ! , Remove any salt crystals 

pieced »s: p ^™ii~T;: n *zzT mter made ° f —« 

to dryness. 8 y heat ** con centrated solution 

n^tratr^? 8 ^ 8 " ^ ******* *"* aIlW t0 **• The potassium 
nitrate crystals are now ready for use. 



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IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



Section! 

9 No. 4 
NITRIC ACID 

Nitric acid is used in the preparation of many explosives, incendi- 
ary mixtures, and acidtlelay timers. It may be prepared by distilling 
a mixture of potassium nitrate and concentrated sulfuric acid. 
MATERIAL REQUIRED SOURCES: 



Drug Store 

Improvised (Section I. No. 2) 
Motor vehicle batteries 
Industrial plants 



Potassium nitrate (2 parts by 

volume) 
Concentrated sulfuric acid ( 1 part 

by volumel 
2 bottles or ceramic Jugs (narrow 

necks are preferable) 
Pot or trying pan 

Heat source (wood, coal, or char- 
coal) 
Tape (paper, electrical, masking, 

etc. but not cellophane) 
Paper or rags 

IMPORTANT: If sulfuric acid is obtained from a motor vehicle battery, 
concentrate it by boiling it until white fumes appear. DO NOT INHALE 
FUMES. 

XOTE: The amount of nitric acid produced is the same as the amount of 
potaaaium nitrate. Thus, for 2 tables poonsful of nitric acid, use 2 
tableapoonaful of potassium nitrate and 1 tables poonsful of concentrated 
sulfuric acid. 



PROCEDURE: 

1. Place dry potassium 
nitrate in bottle or jug. Add 
sulfuric acid. Do not fill 
bottle more than 1/4 full. 
Mix until paste Is formed. 



Bottle or 




Paste of 
Potassium 
Nitrate and 
Concentrated 
Sulfuric Add 



CAUTION: Sulfuric acid will burn skin and destroy clothing. If any is 
spilled, wash it away with s large quantity of water. Fumes are also 
dangerous and should not be inhaled. 



10 



2. Wrap paper or rags around necks of 2 bottles. Securely tape necks 
of bottles together. Be sure bottles are flush against each other and 
that there are no air spaces. 

Paper 




Necks "I Untiles 

Flush Against Each Other 

3. Support bottles on rocks or cans so thai empty buttle is sligh tly 
lower than bottle containing paste so that nitric acid that is formed in 
receiving bottle will not run into other bottle. 



Tape Seal 




Receiving 
Bottle 



Rocks or 
Can Supports 

4. Build fire in pot or frying pan. 

5. Gently heat bottle containing mixture by moving fire in and out. 
As red fumes begin to appear periodically pour cool water over 
empty receiving bottle. Nitric acid will begin to form in the receiving 
bottle. 




i>. Continue the above process until no more red fumes are formed. 
If the nitric acid formed in the receiving bottle is not clear {cloudy} 
pour it into cleaned bottle and repeat Steps 2-6. 



CAUTION: Nitric acid will burn skin and destroy clothing. If any is 
spilled, wash it away with a large quantity of water. Fumes are also 

dangerous and should not be inhaled. 

Nitric acid should be kept away from all combustible* and should be kept 

in a sealed ceramic or. glass container. 



Section I 

12 No. 5 

INITIATOR FOR DUST EXPLOSIONS 

An initiator which will initiate common material to produce dust 
explosions can be rapidly and easily constructed. This type of charge 
is ideal for the destruction of enclosed areas such as rooms or buildings 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

A flat can, 3 in. (8 cm) diameter and 1-1/2 in. (3-3/4 cm) high. A 

6-1/2 ounce Tuna can serves the purpose quite well. 
Blasting cap 
Explosive 

Aluminum (may be wire, cut sheet, flattened can or powder 
Large nail, 4 in. (10 cm) long 
Wooden rod - 1/4 in. (6 mm) diameter 
Flour, gasoline and powder or chipped aluminum 

NOTE: Plastic explosives (Comp. C-4, etc.) produce better explosions 
than cast explosives (Comp. B, etc.). 

PROCEDURE : 

1. Using the nail, press a 
hole through the side of the 
Tuna can 3/8 to 1/2 inch 
(1 to 1-1/2 cm) from the 
bottom. Using a rotating 
and lever action, enlarge 
the hole until it will accom- 
modate the blasting cap. ^ — _ — - ^ 

3/8 to 1/ 2' 







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IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



2. Place the wooden rod 
in the hole and position the 
end of the rod at the center 
of the can. 

3. Press explosive into 
the can, being sure to sur- 
round the rod, until it is 
3/4 inch (2 cm) from top 

of the can. Carefully 
remove the wooden rod. 



4. Place the aluminum metal on 
top of the explosive. 

5. Just before use, insert the 
blasting cap into the cavity made 
by the rod. The initiator is now 
ready for use. 



Cardboard Disk Insert 
For Handling Purposes 



NOTE: If it is desired to carry 
the initiator some distance, card- 
board may be pressed on top of 
the aluminum to insure against 
loss of material. 




Section I 
111 No. C 

FERTILIZER EXPLOSIVE 

An explosive munition can be made from fertilizer grade ammonium 
nitrate ami either fuel oil or a mixture of equal parts of motor oil ami 
gasoline. When proiwrly prc|>arcd ( this explosive munition can be deto- 
nated with a blasting cap. 



Explosive MATERIAL REQUIRED; 



Wooden Rod 




Ammonium nitrate (not less than 32'. nitrogen) 

Fuel oil or gasoline and motor oil (1:1 ratio) 

Two flat boards. (At least one of these should he comfortably held in 
the hand, i.e. 2 x 4 and 3C> x »«.) 

Bucket or other container for mixing ingredients 
Aluminum Iron or steel pipe or bottle, tin can or heavv-walled carcBjoard tube 
Metal Blasting cap 

Wooden rod - 1/4 in. diameter 
Spoon or similar measuring conto'ner 

PROCEDURE : 

1. Spread a nun ll'ji of the ammo- 
nium nitrate on the large flat board 
and rub vigorously with the other 
board until the large particles are 
crushed into a very fine powder v 
that looks like flour (approx. 10 min). 

NOTE: Proceed with Step 2 as soon as possible since 
the powder may take moisture from the air and become spoiled. 




HOW TO USE : 



2. Mix one measure (cup, table- 
spoon, etc.) of fuel oil with lb 
measures of the finely ground ammo* 
nium nitrate in a dry bucket or other 
suitable container and stir with the 
wooden rod. If fuel oil is not avail- 
able, use one half measure of 
gasoline and one half measure of 
motor oil. Store in a waterproof 
container until ready to use. 



This particular unit work, quite well to initiate charges of five pounds 
of Hour, i /2 gallon (1 . 2/3 , Uers) of gagoUne of ^ ££<* 

S e " trtiZ; The 80lid materials may merely be COntalned '» 

sack, or cardboard cartons. The gasoline may be placed in plastic- 
coated paper milk cartons, plastic or glass bottle*. The charges are 

electrically or by fuse depending on the type of cap employed. This will 
destroy a 2.000 cubic feet enclosure (building 10 x 20 x !0 feet) 

NOTE: For larger enclosure •«. „™-v„-.. ... 3 " S|KK,n lh ' 8 mixturc int0 an iron '"' steel pipe which has an end cap 

and charges enclosures ' *>* Proportionately larger initiator, threaded on one end. If a pipe is not available, you may use a dry tin 

5 Lb. Solid can » a >■***• i ar or a heavy-walled cardboard tube. 

Charge in Carton 



15 





Initiator 




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IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



NOTE: Take care not to tamp 

or shake the mixture in the pipe. If mixture becomes tightly 
packed, one cap will not be sufficient to initiate the explosive. 



17 

3, Stir and scrape the bucket sides occasionally until the mixture is 

reduced to one quarter of its original volume, then stir continuously. 

4. As the water evaporates, the mixture will become thicker until it 
reaches the consistency of cooked breakfast cereal or homemade fudge. 
At this stage of thickness, remove the bucket from the heat source, 
and sureac! the mass on the metal sheet. 



Blasting Cap 



4. Insert blasting cap Just beneath 
the surface of the explosive mix. 




Pipe 



Mixture 



NOTE: Confining the open end of the container will add to the effective- 
ness of the explosive. Section I 

16 No. 9 

"RED OR WHITE POWDER" PROPELLANT 

"Red or White Powder" Propellont may be prepared in a simple, 
safe manner. The formulation described below will result in approxi- 
mately 2-1/2 pounds of powder. This is a small arms pro pell ant and 
should only be used in weapons with 1/2 in. inside diameter or less, 
such as the Match Gun or the 7.62 Carbine, but not pistols. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Heat source (Kitchen stove or open fire) 

2 gallon metal bucket 

Measuring cup (3 ounces) 

Wooden spoon or rubber spatula 

Metal sheet or aluminum foil rat least Id in. sq.) 

Flat window screen (at least 1 ft. sq.) 

Potassium nitrate (granulated) 2-1/3 cups 

White sugar (granulated) 2 cups 

Powdered ferric oxide (rust) 1/8 cup (if available) 

Clearwater. 3-1/2 cups 




5, While the material cools, score it with the spoon or spatula In 
crisscrossed furrows about 1 inch apart. 




PROCEDURE 



1. Place the sugar, potassium 
nitrate, and water in the bucket. 
Heat with a low flame, stirring 
occasionally until the sugar and 
potassium nitrate dissolve. 



2. If available, add the ferric oxide 
(rust) to the solution. Increase the 
flame under the mixture until It 

boils gently. 

NOTE: The mixture will retain the 
rust coloration. 




6. Allow the material to air dry, preferably in the sun. As it dries, 
rescore It occasionally (about every 20 minutes) to aid drying. 

18 

7. When the material has dried to a point where it is moist and soft 
but not sticky to the touch, place a small spoonful on the screen. Rub 
the material back and forth against the screen mesh with spoon or 
other flat object until the material is granulated into small worm-like 
particles. 




*« After granulation, return the material to the sun to dry 
completely. ^.^ (f 

19 No. i 

PIPE HAND GRENADE 

ffaad grenades can be mad* from a piece o« iron pipe. The 
filler caa M plastic or granular military *xplo*iv«, improvHcd 
explosive, or propclUat from shotgun or small arm* ammunition. 



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IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



MATERIAL REQUIRED 

Iron pip*, threaded «nd», I Ml" Powder 

to 1" diim. , V to *" long. 
Two (Z) iron pip* cap*. 
Explosive or propellent 
Nonelectric bloating cop. 

(Comrturclil or military) 
Fas* cord 
Hand drill 
Pilar* 

PROCEDURE 

1. Placo blasting cap on on* and 
of fuea cord and crimp with pilar*. 

NOTE; To find out how long th* 
fue* cord should b*. chock th* 
tim* it tak*s a known length to 
burn. If 12 iach*s buraa in 30 
eeconda. a 6- inch cord will ig. 
alt* th* graaad* in 15 seconds. 

I. Screw pip* cap to oao oad of 
•ipo. Placo fuse cord with blatt- 
lag <*p lata th* eppoait* and *o 
that th* blaatlag cap 1* a*ar th* 
c*at*r of th* pip*. 20 



Pl J»* DU 




MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Block of TNT or other blaoting 
explosive 
NaiU 

Non-Electric Military blasting cap 

Fuse Cord 

Tap*, etving, wire or glue 







End Cap 




Fuse Cord 



NOTE: |f plastic explosive I* to 
ha need, flU pip* b*f*r* inserting 
bloating cap. Push a round stick* 
lata th* c*at*r of th* exploeive to 
make a hoi* and th*n insert th* 
Uaattag cap. 




PROCEDURE : 

1* If an explosive charge other 
than a standard TNT block is 
used, make a hole in the center 

Fuse r*»d of tne ch * r 8* for inserting the 

blasting cap. TNT can be drilled 
with relative safety. With 
plastic explosives, a hole can 
be made by pressing a round 
stick into the center of the charge. 
The hole should be deep enough 
that the blasting cap is totally , 
within the explosive. ' 



2. Tape, tie or glue one or 
two rows of closely packed nails 
to sides of explosive block. 
Nails should completely cover 
the four surfaces of the block. 



EXPLOSIVE 




HOLE FOR 
BLASTING CAP 

TAPE 
EXPLOSIVE 




3. Place blasting cap on one 

end of the fuse cord and crimp BLASTING CAP 
with pliers. 



NAILS 



FUSE CORD 



-Bloating Cap 
Pipe 
Cud Can 



rui* 



S. Pour explosive or propellent 
lata pipe a little bit at a tim*. Tap 
the baa* of the pip* frequently to 
e*ttl* filler. 



4. Drill a hole In th* cantor of the 
waaasemblod pip* cap large enough 
for th* fas* cord to pass through. 



5. Wip* pip* thread* to remove 

filler material. 



Slide the drilled pip* cap 
th* fuss aad screw asniHlshl 
tkopino. 



onto 




NOTE: To find out how long the] 

fuse cord should be, check the 

time it takes a known length 

to burn. If 12 inches (30 cm) 

burns for 30 seconds, a 10 

second dVlav will require a 4 
inch [10cm) fuse. 

22 




NAILS 



4. Insert the blasting cap la 
the hole in the block of explosiv 
Tape or tie fuao cord securely 
in placo so that it will not fall 
out whoa the grenade is thrown, 

ALTERNATE USE: 



An effective directional 

_. - anti-personnel mine can bo made 
Pipe cap by p i 4Cing naiU on only one 

aide of the explosive block. 
For this case, an electric 

blaating cap can be used. 




FUSE CORD 
BLASTING CAP 




TARGET 



.. Section 
*■*■ No. 2 

NAIL GRENADE 
Effective fragmentation grenades can be made from a 

block of TNT or other blasting explosive and nails 



_ . Section II 
23 No. 3 

WINE BOTTLE CONE CHARGE 

This cone charge will penetrate 3 to 4 inches of armor. 
Placed on an engine or engine compartment it will disable a tank 
or other vehicle . 



MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Glass wine bottle with false bottom (cone shaped) 

Plastic or castable explosive 

Blasting cap 

Gasoline or Kerosene (small amount) 

String 

Adhesive tape 




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IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



PROCEDURE : 

1. Soak a piece of string in gaso- 
line or kerosene. Double wrap 
this string around the wine bottle String 
approximately 3 in. (7 1/2 cm) 
above the top of the cone. 

NOTE: A small amount of motor 
oil added to the gasoline or 
kerosene will improve results. 




2. Ignite the string and allow to 
burn for 1 to 2 minutes. Then 
plunge the bottle into cold water 
to crack the bottle. The top 
half can now be easily removed 
and discarded. 



Burning 
String 



Cold 



3. H plastic explosive is used: 

(a) pack explosive into the bottle 
a little at a time compressing 
with a wooden rod. Fill the 
bottle to the top. 

(b) press a 1/4 in. wooden dowel 
1/2 in. (12mm) into the middle of 
the top of the explosive charge to 
form a hole for the blasting rap. 




2. Place the charge so that the 
bottom is 3 to 4 in. (? 1/2 to 10 cm) 
from the target. This can be done 
by taping legs to the charge or any 
other convenient means as long as 
there is nothing between the base 
of the charge and the target. 



3. If electric cap is used, 
connect blasting cap wires to 

firing circuit. 




Container 



it 




Bottom Half 
ol Bottle 



4. If TNT or other castable explosive is used: , 

(a) break explosive into small pieces using a wooden mallet or 
non-t parking metal tool*. Place piece* in a tin can. 

2U 

(b) Suspend this can in a larger 
container which is partly filled 
with water. A stiff wire or stick 
pushed through the smaller can 
will accomplish this. 



NOTE: The effectiveness of this 
charge can be increased by placing 
inside a can, box, or similar con- 
tainer and packing sand or dirt 
between the charge and the con- 
tainer. 

Section a 

25 No. 4 

GRENADE-TIN CAN LAND MINE 
This device can be used as a land mine that will explode when the 
trip wire Is pulled. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Hand grenade having side safety lever 

Sturdy container, open at one end, that is just large enough to fit over 

grenade and its safety lever (tin can of proper size is suitable). 
Strong string or wire 
NOTE: The container must be of such a size that, when the grenade is 

placed in It and the safety pin removed, its sides will prevent the safety 
lever from springing open. One end must be completely open. 

PROCEDURE ; 



CAUTION: The inner can must 
not rest on the bottom of tn~e 

outer container. 




Suspension 
Rod 



Explosive 
Inner Can 



1. Fasten one piece of string to 
the closed end of container, making 
a strong connection. This can be String 
done by punching 2 holes in the can, 
looping the string through them, and 

tying a knot. 

2. Tie free .end of this string to bush, stake, fencepost, etc. 




er Can 



Water 



3. Fasten another length of string 
to the grenade such that It cannot 



(c) Heat the container on an electric hot plate or other heat source. interfere with the functioning of the 
Stir the explosive frequently with a wooden stick while it is melting, ignition mechanism of the grenade. 



String 




CAUTION: Keep area well ventilated while melting explosive 
Fumes may be poisonous. 

(d) When all the exploaive has melted, remove the inner container 
and stir the molten explosive until it begins to thicken. During 
this time the bottom half of the wine bottle should be placed in the 
container of hot water. This will pre -heat the bottle ao that it 
will not crack when the explosive is poured. 

(e) Remove the bottle from hot water and dry thoroughly. Pour 
molten explosive into the bottle and allow to cool. The crust which 
forms on top of the charge during cooling should be broken with a 
wooden stick and more explosive added. Do this as often as 
necessary until the bottle is filled to the top. 

(0 When explosive has completely hardened, bore a hole for 
the blasting cap in the middle of the top of the charge about 
1/2 in. (12mm) deep. 



4. Insert grenade into container 




String 

Attached 

To Can 



26 



t String Attached 
To Grenade 



S. Lay free length of string across 
path and fasten to stake, bush, etc. 
The string should remain taut. 



Stake 



Coiateainer 



HOW TO USE : 

1. Place blasting cap in the hole 
the top of the charge. If non- 
electric cap is used be sure cap 
is crimped around fuze and fuze 
la long enough to provide safe 
delay. 



in 





Tripwire 



L 



Grenade 



*^ 




HOW TO USE: 



I. Carefully withdraw safety pin by pulling on ring. Be sure safety 
lever is restrained during this operation. Grenade will function in 
normal manner when trip wire Is pulled. 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



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IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



NOTE: In areas where concealment Is possible, a greater effect may 
be obtained by suspending the grenade several fset above ground, as 

Illustrated below. 




6. Insert second piece of rag wadding against stones and/or metal 
scrap. Pack tightly as before. 

Metal 
Wad Scrap Wad Firing 

Leads 




27 No< s 

MORTAR SCRAP MINE 
A directional shrapnel launcher that can be placed in the path of 
advancing troops. 



HOW TO USE : 

1. Bury pipe in ground with open end facing the expected path of the 
enemy. The open end may be covered with cardboard and a thin layer 
of dirt or leaves as camouflage. 





_ 2 " C on nect firing leads to battery and switch. Mine can be remotely 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : fired when needed or attached to trip device placed in path of ad- 

Iron pipe approximately 3 ft. (1 meter) long and 2 in. to 4 in. (5 to vancing troops. 
10 cm) in diameter and threaded on at least one end. Salvaged 

artillery cartridge case may also be used. NOTE: A NON-ELECTRICAL ignition system can be substituted for 

Threaded cap to fit pipe. the electrical ignition system as follows. 

Black powder or salvaged artillery propellant about 1/2 lb. (200 gins) 

lotaL l - Follow above procedure, substituting safety fuse for tauter 

Electrical igniter (commercial SQUIB or improvised igniter. Section 

VI. No. 1). Safety or improvised fuse may also be used. 2. Light safety fuse when ready to fire. 

Small stones about 1 in. (2-1/2 cm) in diameter or small size scrap; Mortar Mine 

about 1 lb. (400gms> total. 
Rags for wadding, each about 20 in. by 20 in. (50 cm x 50 cm) 
Paper or bag 
Battery and wire 
Stick (non-metallic) 



Note: Be sure pipe has no cracks or (laws. 

28 

PROCEDURE; 



1. Screw threaded cap onto 
pipe. 

2. Place propellant and igniter in 
paper or rag and tie package with 

string so contents will not fall out. 




Igniter 
Leads 



Propellant 
and igniter 




Direction 
of shot 

Trip Device 

(Electrical Contact) 





Battery 



3. Insert packaged propellant and 
igniter into pipe until package rests against threaded 

cap leaving firing leads extending from open end of pipe. 

4. Roll rag till it is about 6 in. (15-1/2 cm) 

long and the same diameter as pipe. Insert rag wadding against 

packaged propellant igniter. With caution, pack tightly using stick. 

5. Insert stones and/or scrap metal into pipe. 



Connecting 

Wires 

Section II 

30 No. 6 

COKE BOTTLE SHAPED CHARGE 

This shaped charge will penetrate 3 in. (7-1/2 cm) of armor. (It 
will disable a vehicle if placed on the engine or engine compartment). 



Glass Coke bottle. 6-1/2 oft. size 
Plastic or eastable explosive, about 
1 lb. (454 gm) 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



291 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



Blasting cap 

Metal cylinder, open at both ends , about 

6 in. (IS cm) long and 2 in. (5 cm) inside 

diameter. Cylinder should be heavy 

walled for best results. 
Plug to lit mouth of coke bottle 

(rags, metal, wood, paper, etc.) 
Non-metal rod about 1/4 in. (6 mm) in 

diameter and 8 in. (20 cm) or more 

In length. 
Tape or string 
2 tin cans if castable explosive is used (See Section II, No. 3) 

NOTE: Cylinder may be cardboard, plastic, etc. if castable 
is used. ^Plug 

PROCEDURE: 




32 



2. Place bottom of Coke Bottle flush 
against the target. If target is not 
flat and horizontal, fasten bottle to 
target by any convenient means, such 
as by placing tape or string around 
target and top of bottle. Bottom of 
bottle seta as stand-off. 




I. Place plug In mouth of bottle. 




explosive! CAUTION: Be sure that base of bottle is flush against target and that 
there Is nothing between the target and the base of the bottle. 

3. Connect leada from bleating cap to firing circuit. 
Method II: If non-electrical Maiting cap is used: 



Cylinder 



2. Place cylinder over top of 
bottle until bottom of cylinder 
rests on widest part of bottle. 
Tape cylinder to bottle. Con- 
tainer should be straight on 
top of bottle. 

3. If plastic explosive is used: 



Tape 



Bottle 



31 





a. Place explosive in cylinder 
a little at a time tamping with 
rod until cylinder is full. 



b. Press the rod about 1/2 in. (1 cm) into the middle of the top of 
the explosive charge to form a hole for the blasting cap. 




4. If castable explosive is used, 
follow procedure of Wine Bottle 
Cone Charge, Section II, No. 3, 
Step 4, a through f. 



HOW TO USE. 




Explosive 
(Inside Cylinder) 



Bottle 



Method 1. If electrical blasting cap is useaT 

1. Place blasting cap in hole in top of explosive, 

CAUTION: Do not insert blasting cap until charge is ready to be 
detonated. 



1. Crimp cap around fuse. 



[ 



CAUTION; Be sure fuse is long enough to provide a safe delay. 



2. Follow steps 1, 2, and CAUTIONS of Method I. 



1 



3. 



Light fuse when ready to Are. 

Section U 



33 



No. 7 
CYLINDRICAL CAVITY SHAPED CHARGE 

A shaped charge can be made from common pipe. It will penetrate 
1-1/2 in. (3-1/2 cm) of steel, producing a hole 1-1/2 in. (3-1/2 cm) in 
diameter. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Iron or steel pipe. 2 to 2-1/2 in. (3 to 6-1/2 cm) in diameter and 3 to 

4 in. (7-1/2 to 10 cm) long 
Metal pipe, 1/2 to 3/4 in. (1-1/2 to 2 cm) in diameter and 1-1/2 in. 

(3-1/2 cm) long, open at both ends. (The wall of the pipe should 

be as thin as possible.) 
Blasting cap 

Non-metallic rod, 1/4 in. (6 mm) in diameter 
Plastic or castable explosive 
2 metal cans of different sizes 

Stick or wire } If castable explosive is used 

Heat source 



I- 



PROCEDURE : 

1. If plastic explosive is used: 

a. Place larger pipe on 
flat surface- Hand 
pack and tamp explo- 
sive into pipe. Leave 
approximately 1/4 in. 
(G mm) space at top. 



p .y*-w* 






* f . 






\ 




Approximately 
1/4 in. Empty 

Space 

Large 
Pipe 

Plastic 
Explosive 



Flat Surface 

b . Push rod into center of explosive. Enlarge hole in explosive 
to diameter and length of small pipe. 

1-1/2 in. 



Insert small pipe 
into hole. 




Large Pipe 



POOR MAN f S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



29 2 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



[ 



IMPORTANT: Be sure direct contact is made between explosive and 
small pipe. Tamp explosive around pipe by hand if necessary. 



3U 

d. Make sure that there la 1/4 in. (6 mm) empty space above small 

pipe. Remove explosive if necessary. 

1/4 in. 



3. Place other end of pipe Hush 
against the target. Fasten pipe 
to target by any convenient means , 
■aea aa by placing tape or string 
around targe* and top of pipe, if 
target is not flat and horUontal 



BlM ting Cap 



Pipe 



Tape 



Hole for Blasting Csp 



Turn pipe upside down snd 
push rod 1/2 in. (1-1/4 cm) 
into center of opposite end 
of explosive to form a hole 
for the blasting cap. 



~T*/2 HI. 





1/4 in. 



CAUTION: Be smre thai base of pips is Que* against target 
tars to nothing b e tw een tat target and the base of the p ipe. 

S. Connect toads frees blasting cap to firing circuit. 

Method H - If non-electrical blasting eap is need. 
Crtatpcnp 



[CAUTION: Do not insert blasting cap in hole until ready to fire shaped 
charge. 

2. If TNT or other castable explosive is used: 

a. Follow procedure. Section n. No. 3, Step 4, Parts a, b, c, in- 
cluding CAUTIONS. 

b. When all the explosive has melted, remove the inner container 
and stir the molten explosive until it begins to thicken. 



1; 

E 



CAUTION: Be sure fuse U long 



to provide a safe delay 



t. Fellow Steps 1, 2, and CAUTION of Method [. 



] 



J Light 



ready to fire. 

Section in 

36 no. i 

PIPE PISTOL FOR 9 MM AMMUNITION 



A 9 mm pistol can be made from 1/4" steel gas or water pipe 

fittings.. 



C 



Place large pipe on flat 
surface. Pour explo- 
sive into pipe until it is 
1-3/4 in. (4 cm) from 
the top. 




3/4 in. 



Castable 
Explosive 



d. 



e. 



« u *. Flat Surface 
Small Pipe 

Place small pipe in center of large 
pipe so that it rests on top of ex- 
plosive. Holding small pipe in 
place, pour explosive around small 
pipe until explosive is 1/4 in, (6 mm) 
from top of large pipe. 

Allow explosive to cool. Break crust that forms on top of the 
charge during cooling with a wooden stick and add more explo- 
sive. Do this as often as necessary until explosive Is 1/4 in. 
(6 mm) from top. 





f. When explosive baa com- 
pletely hardeaed , tun pipe 
upside down and bore a bole 
for the btaetlag cap in the 
middle of the top of the 
charge about 1/2 in. (1-1/4 cm) 
oeep. 

HOW TO USE : 

Method I - If electrical Waiting cap is used: 
1. Place blasting cap la hole made for It. 




MATERIAL REQUIRED 

1/4" nominal alae steel pipe 4 to 6 
inches long with threaded ends. 

1/4** Solid pipe plug 

Two (2) steel pipe couplings 

Metal strap - roughly 1/8" * 

1/4" x.5" 
Two (2) elastic bands 
Flat head nail - 6D or SD (approx 

1/16" diameter) , 

Two (2) wood screws #6 

Wood »" x $" x 1" 

Drill 

1/4" wood Or metal rod, (approx 

•" »Onf) 

PROCEDURE 

1. Carefully inspect pipe and fittings. 

a. Make sure that there are NO cracks or other Claws in the 
pipe or fittings. 

b. Check inside diameter of pipe using a 9 mm cartridge as a 
gauge. The bullet should closely fit into the pipe without for 
clng but the cartridge case SHOULD NOT fit into pipe. 

c. Outside diameter of pipe MUST NOT BE l^» than 1 1/2 
times bullet diameter (. 536 inches; 1.' 37 cm) 

2. Drill a9/!6" (1.43cm) diam- 
eter hole 3/8" (approximately 1 
cm) into one coupling to remove 
the thread. 



Drilled section should fit tightly 
over smooth section of pipe. 



H -"»- 



wrrmm, 



9/16' 



[ 



CAUTION: Do not insert blsetlag cap until charge la ready to lire. 



1 



3. Drill a 24/64" (1 cm) diameter 
hole 3/4" (1. 9 cm) into pipe. Uae 
cartridge aa a gauge; when a car- 
tridge is inserted into the pipe, the 
base of the caee should be even 
with the end of the pipe. Thread 
coupling tightly onto pipe, drilled 
end first. 



25" l~f ~ > — 

64 ] t ■ 




3/4 

CZZD 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



293 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



37 

4. Drill a hole in the center of the 
pipe plug just Urge enough for the 
nail to fit through. 



HOLE MUST BE CENTERED 

IN PLUG. 




10. Position metal strap on stock 
to that top will hit the head of the 
nail. Attach to stock with wood 
screw on each side. 



11. String elastic bands from front 
coupling to notch on each side of 
the a trap. 



5. Push nail through plug until pj pe p| u « 
head of nail is flush with square 
end. Cut nail off at other end 
1/16" f. 1*8 cm) away from plug. 
Round off end of nail with file. 

Nail 





Rounded 



SAFETY CHECK - TEST FIRE PISTOL BEFOREHAND FIRING 

1. Locate & barrier such as a stone wall or large tree which you 
can stand behind in case the pistol ruptures when fired. 



1/16 in. 2. Mount pistol solidly to a table or other rigid support at least 
(. 158 cm.) ten feet in front of the barrier. 



6. Bend metal strap to "U" shape f* l,4 "<\/ Notch 
and drill holes for wood screws. 
File two small notches at top. 




This dimension 
to be Z" greater 
than unas i 
length ol 

■ i •— i 



3. Attach a cord to the firing strap on the pistol. 

4. Holding the other end of the cord, go behind the barrier. 

5. Pull the cord so that the firing strap is held back. 

6. Release the cord to fire the pistol. (If pistol does not fire, 
shorten the elastic bands or increase their number* ) 

IMPORTANT : Fire at least five rounds from behind the 
barrier and then re-inspect the pistol before you attempt 

to hand fire it. 



7. Saw or otherwise shape 1" 
(2. 54 cm) thick hard wood into 
stock. 



E"|li*h| Mvirti 






1 !«. 


t.\* <«*i 




1 U m. 


t.tl cm 






»/l* in, 


1.41 <m 






I m. 


V OB «m 






« in, IV i <m 


IJ 





\u- 



8. Drill a 9/16" diameter (1.45 
hole through the stock. The cen 
of the hole should be approximat 
1/2" (I. 27 cm) from the top. 



9. Slide the pipe through this hole 
and attach front coupling. Screw 
drilled plug into rear coupling. 




39 

HOW TO OPERATE PISTOL 
1. To Load 



a. Remove plug from rear 
c oupling . 



NOTE: If 9/16" drill is not avail- Groove 
able cut a "V" groove in the top of 
the stock and tape pipe securely in 
place. 




b. Place cartridge into pipe. 



c. Replace plug. 

To Fire 

a. Pull strap back and hold 
with thumb until ready. 



b. Release strap. 

Tape3 ' To Rcmov c Shell Case 

a. Remove plug from rear 
coupling. 

b. Insert 1/4" diameter steel 
or wooden rod into front 
of pistol and push shell 
case out. 




POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



294 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



7. File threaded end of 
plug flat. 



do 

SHOTGUN (12 GAUGE) 

A 12 -gauge shotgun can be made from 3/4 
mad fittings. 



II 




MATERIALS REQUIRED 



or gas pipe 

8. Push nail through plug and cut 
off flat 1/32" past the plug. 



9. Screw plug into coupling. 



Wood 2" x 4" x 32" 

3/4" nominal size water or gas pipe 20'* to 30" long threaded on 



10. Bend 4" metal strap into 
"L" shape and drill hole for 
wood screw. Notch metal 
•trap on the long side 1/2" 
from bend. 




Drill i.l '| 



(A r 




1/2" 



one end. 
3/4" steal coupling 
Solid 3/4" pipe plug 
Metal strap (1/4" x 1/16" x 4") 
Twine, heavy (100 yards approximately) 
3 wood screws and screwdriver 
Flat head nail 6D or 8D 
Hand drill 

Saw or knife 

File 

Shellac or lacouer 

Elastic Bands 

PROcfcuuK*; 

1, Carefully inspect pipe and fittings* 

... fc . fc fc . , A . „ n ' Portion metal strap on stock so that top will hit the head of 

a. Make sure that there are no cracks or other flaws, the nail. Attach to stock with wood screw. 

b. Check inside diameter of pipe. A 12 -gauge shot shell should /~ plu 8 
fit into the pipe but the brass rim should not fit. N *" 



c. Outside diameter of pipe must be at least 1 in. 
(2. 54 cm). 

32" Approx J 

lr 2 " 



1 




13-1/2" —I 




L' la Mir Band* 
Firing Strap 




Stock 




-U. 

L 4 ., 2 

2. Cut stock from wood using a saw or knife. 

D 

3. Cut a 3/8" deep "V" groove in top of the stock, 

la 

4. Turn coupling onto pipe until tight. 
Coupling v -Twine pt pe 



3/8' 



Slot 






12. Place screw in each side of stock about 4" in front of metal 
strap. Pass elastic bands through notch in metal strap and attach 
to screw on each side of the stock. 
SAFETY CHECK - TEST FIRE SHOTGUN BEFORE HAND FIRING 

1. Locate a barrier such as a stone wall or large tree which you 
can stand behind in case the weapon explodes when fired. 

2. Mount shotgun solidly to a table or other rigid support at least 
ten feet in front of the barrier. 

3. Attach a long cord to the firing strap on the shotgun. 

4. Holding the other end of the cord, go behind the barrier. 

5. Pull the cord so that the firing strap is held back. 



S. Coat pipe and "V" 

groove of stock with shellac or lacquer 

and. while still wet, place pipe in "V" groove and wrap 6. Release the cord to fire the shotgun. (If shotgun does not fire, 

_ ^ .._,. ♦_.♦*,.-..-:— ... ^ ,„..--- „< >. ..: _ shorten the elastic bands or increase their number. \ 



pipe and stock together using two heavy layers of twine. 
Coat twine with shellac or l*<=qu« *«*r «*<=h layer. 



6. Drill a hole through center 
of pipe plug Urge enough for 
nail to pass through. 




IMPORTANT; Fire at least five rounds from behind the 
barrier and then re-inspect the shotgun before you at. 

tempt to shoulder fire it. 






POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



295 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



U3 



HOW TO OPERATE SHOTGUN 



I. To Load 




a. Take plug out of coupling. 




b. Put shotgun shell into pipe. 

c. Screw plug hand -tight into coupling. 



2, To Fire 




a. Pull strap back and hold with thumb. 

b. Release strap. 



3. To Unload Gun 



a. Take plug out of coupling. 

b. Shake out used cartridge. 



NOTE: If cartridge is of roll 
crimp type, remove top wad. 



2. Pour shot from shell. 



1 3. Replace one layer of shot in 
the cartridge. Pour in filler 
material to fill the spaces between 
the shot. 



k$ 




WAD 
PROPELLANT 



4. Repeat Step 3 until all shot has been replaced. 

5. Replace top wad (if applicable) and re-fold crimp. 




6. Roll shell on flat eurface to 
smooth out crimp and restore 
roundness. 



7, Seal end of case with wax. 



. . Section m 
W No. 3 

SHOTSHELL DISPERSION CONTROL 

When desired, shotshell can be modified to reduce shot 
dispersion. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Shotshell 

Screwdriver or knife 

Any of the following filler materials: 

Crushed Rice 

Rice Flour 

Dry Bread Crumbs 

Fine Dry Sawdust 

PROCEDURE: 




HOW TO USE: 



This round is loaded and fired in the same manner as 
standard shotshell. The shot spread will be about 2/3 that of a 

standard round. 

, - Section rn 

40 No. 4 

CARBINE (7. 82 mm Standard Rifle Ammunition) 



A rifle can be made from water or gas pipe and fittings, 
cartridges arc used for ammunition. 



Standard 




STAR CRIMP 




1, Carefully remove crimp from 
shotshell using a screwdriver or 
knife . 




ROLL CRIMP 



MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Wood approximately 2 in. x 4 in. 
x 30 in. 

1/4 in. nominal size Iron water or 
gas pipe 20 in. long threaded 
at one end. 



Twine, heavy (100 yards approx.) 
3 wood screws and screwdriver 
Flat head nail about 1 in. long 
Hand drill 
Saw- or knife 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



296 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



File 

Pipe wrench 

Shellac or lacquer 

Elastic band* 

Solid 3/8 in. pipe plug 



3/8 in. to 1/4 In. reducer 
3/8 in. x 1-1/2 in. threaded pipe 
3/8 in. pipe coupling 
Metal strap approximately 1/2 in. 
x 1/26 in. x 4 In. 

PROCEDURE: 

1. Inspect pipe and fittings carefully. 



a. Be sure that there are no cracks or flaws. 

b. Check inside diameter of pipe. A T. 82 mm projectile should 
fit into 3/8 in. pipe. 

2. Cut stock from wood using saw or knife. 




3. Cut a 1/4 In. deep "V" groove In top of the stock. 




L— 1-1/2" 



Fabricate rifle barrel from pipe. 



b. 



File or drill inside diameter of threaded end of 20 In. pipe for 
about 1/4 In. so neck of cartridge case will fit In. 

Screw reducer onto threaded pipe using pipe wrench. 




3/8" to 1/4" 



e. Screw short threaded pipe into reducer. 

3/8" Coupling Reducer 
d. Turn 3/8 pipe coupling onto 

threaded pipe using pipe 
wrench. All fittings should 
be as tight as possible. Do 
not split fittings. Threaded Pipe 

3/8" x J-l/2" 

5. Coat pipe and "V" groove of stock with shellac or lacquer. While 
still wet, place pipe in "V" groove and wrap pipe and stock together 
using two layers of twine. Coat twine with shellac or lacquer after 
each layer. 

6. Drill a hole through center of 
pipe plug large enough for nail to 

pass through. 



7. File threaded end of plug flat* 



8. Push nail through plug and out 
off rounded 1/32 in. (2 mm) past 
the plug. 



9. Screw plug into coupling. 



10. Bend 4 in. metal strap into 
"L" shape and drill hole for wood 
screw. Notch metal strap on the 
long side 1/2 in. from bend. 




11. Position metal strap on stock 
so that top will hit the head of the 
nail. Attach to stock with wood 
■crew. 




12. Place screw in each side of stock about 4 in. in front of metal 
strap. Pass elastic bands through notch in metal strap and attach to 
screw on each side of the stock. 

Pipe Plug -Coupling 

N-il" 1 S 




Firing'strap El"*c Bands 
SAFETY CHECK - TEST FIRE RIFLE BEFORE HAND FIRING 

1. Locate a barrier such as a stone wall or large tree which 
you can stmnd behind to test fire weapon. 

2. Mount rifle solidly to a table or other rigid support at least 
ten feet in front of the barrier. 

U9 

3. Attach a long cord to the firing strap on the rifle. 

4. Holding the other end of the cord, go behind the barrier. 

5. Pull the cord so that the firing strap is held back. 

6. Release the cord to fire the rifle. (If the rifle does not Are, 
shorten the elastic bands or increase their number.) 



IMPORTANT: Fire at least five rounds from behind a barrier 
MMMMM a^Jhenj£tn^pe^t_the^ rifle before you attempt to shoulder fire 

HOW TO OPERATE RIFLE : 
I. To Load 

a. Remove plug from coupling. 



D 




b. Put cartridge into pipe. 



c. Screw plug hand-tight into 

- _ _,, coupling. 
2. To Fire 





■i. 



a. Pull strap back and hold with thumb. 

b. Release strap. 
To Unload Gun 

a. Take plug out of coupling. 

b. Drive out used case using stick or Iwig 



POOR MAN"S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



29 7 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



50 



Section III 

No. 5 

REUSABLE PRIMER 
A method of making a previously fired primer reusable. 
MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Used cartridge esse 

2 long nails having approximately the same diameter as the inside of 

the primer pocket 
"Strike-anywhere'" matches - 2 or 3 ure needed (or e ach primer 
Vise 
Hammer 

Knile or other sharp edged instrument 
PROCEDURE: 




1. File one nail to a needle 
point so that it is small enough 
to fit through hole in primer 
pocket. 

2. Place cartridge case and nail between jaws of vise. Force out fired 

primer with nail as shown: 
Viae 




4. File down point of second nail 
until tip is flat. 

5. Remove indentations from face 

of primer cup with hammer and flattened 

nail. 



6. Cut off tips of the heads of 
"strike-anywhere" matches using 
knife. Carefully crush the match 
tips on dry surface with wooden 
match stick until the mixture is the 
consistency of sugar. 




Primer Cup 



Head 

Wooden 

Match Stick 



[ 



CAUTION: Do not crush more than 3 match tips at one time or the mix- 
ture may explode. 



7. Pour mixture into primer cup. 
Compress mixture with wooden 
match stick until primer cup ia 
fully packed. 




wooden 
Match SUck 



Mixture 



Primer 



8. Plsce anvil in primer pocket 
with legs down. 



Pocket 
/ -Anvil 

^ B83 (| Cartridge 
lill-^ Ca« 



». Place cup in pocket with mix- 
ture facing downward. 



fixture Primer 
Anvil / ^Cup 




10. Place cartridge case and primer cup between vise jaws, and press 
slowly until primer is seated into bottom of pocket. The primer is uow 
ready to use. 



Vise Jaw 



Primer Cup 




t? 9 Section in 
-* c No. 6 

PIPE PISTOL FOR .43 CALIBER AMMUNITION 

A . 45 caliber pistol can be made from 3/8 in. nominal diameter 
steel gas or water pipe and fittings. Lethal range is about 13 yards 
(10-1/2 meters). 

MATKK1AL REQUIRED : 

Steel pipe. 3/6 in. (1 cm) nominal diameter and 6 in. (15 cm) long 

with threaded ends. 
2 threaded couplings to fit pipe 
Solid pipe plug to fit pipe coupling 

Hard wood. 4-1/2 in. x 6-1/2 in. x 1 in. (21 cm x 16-1/2 cm x 2-1/2 cm) 
Tape or string 

Flat head nail, approximately 1/16 in. (1-1/2 mm) in diameter 
2 wood screws, approximately 1/lG in. (1-1/2 mm) in diameter 
Metal strap, 3 in. x 1/4 in. x 1/6 in. (12-1/2 cm x G mm x I mm) 
Bolt, 4 in. (10 cm) long, with nut (optional). 
Elastic bands 
Drills, one 1/16 in. (1-1/2 mm) In diameter, and one having same 

diameter as bolt (Optional). 
Rod, 1/4 in, (6mm) in diameter and tt in. (20 cm) long 
Saw or knife 

PROCEDURE : 

1. Carefully inspect pipe and fittings. 

a. Make sure that there are no cracks or other flaws in the pipe 
and fittings. 

b. Check inside diameter of pipe using a .45 caliber cartridge 
as a gauge. The cartridge case should fit into the pipe snugly 
but without forcing. 

c. Outside diameter of pipe MUST NQT BE less than 1-1/2 times 
the bullet diameter. 

2. Follow procedure of Section III, No. 1, steps 4, 5, and 6. 

53 

1" 

3. Cut stock from wood li 

using saw or knife. ' 



Inches 


Centimeters 


1-1/2 


4 cm 


8-1/2 


26-1/2 


6 


20 


1-1/2 


4 


5 


12-1/2 




1-1/2 



4. Cut a 3/8 in. (9-1/2 mm) deep 
groove in top of stock. 






5. Screw couplings onto pipe. 
Screw plug into one coupling. 




POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol, 2 



298 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



6. Securely attach pipe to stock 
using string or tape. 




Plug 



7. Follow procedures of Section III, No. 1, steps 10 and 11, 

8. (Optional) Bend bolt for trigger. Drill hole in stock and place 
bolt in hole so strap will be anchored by bolt when pulled back, If- 
bolt is not available, use strap as trigger by pulling back and releasing. 

Metal Strap 



muim/i 




9. Follow -SAFETY CHECK. Section HI, No. 1 




Bolt 



HOW TO USE: 



1. To load; 



a. .Remove plug from rear coupling. 



b. Wrap string or elastic band 
around extractor groove so 
case will seat into barrel 
securely. 




Extractor Groove 




c. 



Place cartridge in pipe. 



d. Replace plug, 



2. To Fire: 




a. Pull metal strap back and 
anchor in trigger. 



b. Pull trigger when read)- to fire 



NOTE: If bolt is not used, pull 

strap back and release. 

3. To remove cartridge case: 

a. Remove plug from rear 
coupling. 

b. Insert rod into front of 
pistol and push cartridge 
case out. 




55 



^vm 



Section m 

No. 7 
MATCH GUN 
An improvised weapon using safety match heads as the propel la nt 

and a metal object as the projectile. Lethal range is about 40 yards 

(36 meters) . 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Metal pipe 24 in. (61 cm) long and 3/8 in. (1 cm) in diameter (nominal 

size) or its equivalent, threaded on one end. 

End cap to fit pipe 

Safety matches - 3 books of 20 matches each. 



Wood - 28 in. x 4 in. x 1 in. (70 cm x 10 cm x 2. S cm) 
Toy caps OR safety fuse OR "Strike -anywhere matches" (2) 
Electrical tape or string 

Metal strap, about 4 in. x 1/4 in. x 3/16 in. (10 cm x 6 mm x 4.5 mm) 
2 rags, about 1 in x 12 in. and 1 in. x 3 in. (2-1/2 cm x 30 cm and 

2-1/2 cm x 8 cm) 
Wood screws 
Elastic bands 

Metal object (steel rod, bolt with head cut off, etc.), approximately 
7/16 in. (11 mm) in diameter, and 7/16 in. (11 mm) long if iron 
or steel, 1-1/4 in. (31 mm) long if aluminum, 5/16 in. (8mm) long 
if lead. 

Metal disk I in. (2-1/2 cm) in diameter and 1/16 in. (1-1/2 mm) thick 
Bolt, 3/32 in. (2-1/2 mm) or smaller In diameter and nut to fit 
Saw or knife 
PROCEDURE . 

1. Carefully inspect pipe and fittings. Be sure that there are no 
cracks or other flaws. 



2. Drill small hole In center 
of end cap. If safety fuse is used, 
be sure it will pass through this 
hole. 

56 




3. Cut stock from wood using 
saw or knife. 




Metric 

5 cm 
10 cm 
36 cm 
71cm 


English 

2 in. 

4 in. 
14 in. 
28 in. 


*/« 



<• Cut 3/8 in. (9-l/ 2 mm) deep ,. v „ groovc in tQp Qf stQck 

3/8' 




5. Screw end cap onto pipe until finger tight. 

6. Attach pipe to stock with string or tape. 





7. Bend metal strap into "L" 

shape and drill holes for wood 

screw. Notch metal strap on 

long side 1/2 in. (1 cm) from 1/8 " 

bend. w 

8. Position metal strap on stock so that the top will hit the center of 
hole drilled in end cap. 



57 



9. Attach metal disk to strap with 
nut and bolt. This will deflect blast 
from hole in end cap when gun is 
fired. Be sure that head of bolt is 
centered on hole in end cap. 




Bolt 



Disc 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



299 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



10. Attach strap to stock with wood screws. 




11, Place screw on each side of stock about 4 In. (10 cm) in front of 
metal strap. Pass elastic bands through notch in metal strap and attach 

to screw on each side of stock. 




HOW TO USE : 

A. When Toy Caps Arc Available 



1. Cut off match heads from 3 
books of matches with knife. 
Pour match heads into pipe. 



2. Fold one end of 1 in. x 12 in. rag 3 
times so that It becomes i one inch 
square of 3 thicknesses. Place rag 
into pipe to cover match heads, folded 
end first. Tamp firmly WITH CAUTION 

Match Heads 





End Cap 



Folded Rag 



Metal Pipe 



3. Place metal object into pipe. Place 1 in. x 3 in. rag into pipe to 
cover projectile. Tamp firmly WITH CAUTION. 

Tape 

4. Place 2 toy caps over small 
hole in end cap. Be sure metal 
•trap will hit caps when it is 
released. 

NOTE: It may be necessary 
to tape toy caps to end cap. 

Toy Caps 

End Cap 

5. When ready to fire, pull metal strap back and release. 

B. When •^Strike-Anvwhe^e'^ Matches Are Available : 

1. Follow steps 1 through 3 in A. af*^ T ' P 

Head 

Wooden 




2. Carefully cut off tips of heads of 2 
■strike-anywhere" matches with knife. 



Match Stick 




4. Place second match tip 
on a piece of tape. Place 
tape so match tip is directly 
over hole in end cap. 



End Cap 
5. When ready to fire, pull metal strap back and release. 

C. When Safety Fuse Is Available: (Recommended for Booby Traps! 



1. Remove end cap from pipe. 
Knot one end of safety fuse. 
Thread safety fuse through 
hole in end cap so that knot 
Is on inside of end cap. 



Matches 



2. Follow steps 1 through 3 
in A. 

3. Tie several matches to 
safety fuse near outside of 
end cap. 

NOTE: Bare end of safety 
fuse should be inside match 
head cluster. 




Safety Fuse 



Match 
Cover 




3. Place one tip in hole in end cap. Push in with wooden end of 
match stick. 



4. Wrap match covers around 
matches and tie. Striker 
should be in contact with 
match bands. 

5. Replace end cap on pipe. 



6. When ready to fire, pull match cover off with strong, firm, quick 
motion. 

60 

SAFETY CHECK - TEST FIRE GUN BEFORE HAND FIRING 

1. Locate a barrier such as a stone wall or large tree which you 

can stand behind in case the weapon explodes when fired. 



2. Mount gun solidly to a table or other rigid support at least ten 
feet in front of the barrier. 



3. Attach a long cord to the firing strap on the gun. 



4. Holding the other end of the cord, go behind the barrier. 



5. Pull the cord so that the firing strap is held back. 



6. Release the cord to fire the gun. (If gun does not fire, shorten 
the elastic bands or increase their number.) 

IMPORTANT: Fire at least five rounds from behind the barrier and 
then re-Inspect the gun before you attempt to shoulder fire it. 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



300 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



Section 111 
61 No. 8 

RIFLE CARTRIDGE 

NOTE: See Section III, No. 5 for reusable primer. 

A method of making a previously fired rifle cartridge reusable 
MATERIAL REQUIRED - 

Empty rifle cartridge, be sure that it still fits inside gun. 

Threaded bolt that fits into neck of cartridge at least 1-1/4 in, (3 C nu 
long. 

Safety or "strike-anywhere" matches (about 58 matches are needed NOTE: " * M ^ t does not flt • nu efl v » force paper or match sticks between 
for 7.62 mm cartridge) bolt and case, or wrap tape around bolt before inserting in case. 

Section fV 




Rag wad (about 3/4 in. (1-1/2 cm) square for 7.62 mm cartridge* 
Knife ^ 

Saw 

NOTE: Number of matches and size of rag wad depend on particular 
cartridge used. 

PROCEDURE: 



1. Remove coating on heads of 
matches by scraping match sticks 
with sharp edge. 



CAUTION: If wooden "strike-any- 
where" matches are used, cut off 
tips first . Discard tips or use for 
Reusable Primer, Section HI, No. 5. 




63 no. i 

RECOILLESS LAUNCHER 

A Ami direction*! scrap fragment launcher which can be placed to 
cover the path of advancing, troops. 



2. Fill previously primed car- 
tridge case with match head 
coatings up to Us neck. Pack 
evenly and tightly with match 
stick. 




Wooden 

Match Stick. 

Neck of 

Cartridge 




Match Heads 



jCAUTION: Remove head of match stick before packing. In all packing 
[operations, stand off to the side and pack gently. Do not hammer. 



3. Place rag wad in neck 
of case. Pack with match 
•tick from which head was 
removed. 




MATERIAL REQUIRED: 

Iron water pipe approximately 4 ft. (1 meter) long and 2 to 4 in. (5 to 

10 cm) in diameter 

Black powder (commercial) or salvaged artillery propellant about 1/2 
lb. (200 gms) 

Safety or Improvised fuse (Section VI, No. 7) or improvised electrical 
igniter (Section VI, No. 2) 

Stones and/or metal scrap chunks approximately 1/2 in. (1 cm) in diam- 
eter - about 1 lb. (400 gms) total 

4 rags for wadding, each about 20 in. by 20 in. (50 cm by 50 cm) 
Wire * ' 

Paper or rag 

NOTE: Be sure that the water pipe has ao oracks or flaws, 

6U 

PROCEDURE: 

Packaged 

Propellant 



1. Place propellant and igniter 
in paper or rag and tie with string 
so contents cannot fall out. 



4. Saw off head end of bolt so 
remainder is approximately the 
length of the standard bullet. 

.Length of 
Standard Bullet 

5. Place bolt in cartridge case so that it sticks out about the same 
length as the original bullet. 




Firing 

Leads 




2. Insert packaged propellant and igniter in eenter of pipe. Pull firing 
leads out one end of pipe. 

3. Stuff a rag wad into each end of pipe and lightly tamp using; a flat 
end stick. 

4. Insert stones and/or scrap metal into each end of pipe. Be sure 
the same weight of material is used in each side. 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol 



301 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



Rag Wadding 



Stones and 
Scrap Metal 




Stones and Packaged 

Scrap Metal Propellant 

5. Insert a rag wad into each end of the pipe and pack tightly as before. 
HOW TO USE : 

1. Place scrap mine In a tree or pointed In the path of the enemy. 

Attach igniter lead to the firing circuit. The recolUess launcher la 
now ready to fire. 

2. If safety or improvised fuse is used instead of the detonator, place 
the fuse into the packaged propellant through a hole drilled in the center 
of the pipe. Light free end of fuse when ready to fire. Allow for normal 
delay time. 



CAUTION: 



Scrap will be ejected from both ends of the launcher. 

Section IV 



6$ 



No. 2 
SHOTGUN GRENADE LAUNCHER 



This device can be used to launch a hand grenade to a distance of 
160 yards (150 meters) or more, using a standard 12 gauge shotgun. 



66 



Wooden 
Block 



4. Place the base of the grenade 
Ln the depression in the wooden 
block. Securely fasten grenade to 
block by wrapping tape (or wire) 
around entire grenade and block. 

NOTE: Be sure that the tape (or 
wire) does not cover hole in block 
or Interfere with the operation of 
the grenade safety lever. 



3. Drill hole through the center of the aecond wooden block, so that it 
will Just slide over the outside of the gun barrel. 

«. Drill a hole in the center of the bottom of the tin can the same size 
ma the hole in the block. 




Tape 



7. Attach can to block aa shown. 



Nail 



* 



m -* 


/— Tv 


m 1\ Hole in «J 


yY^V\ Wooden 


^^■1 


Block "-^J 


r v^Jll Block 




^BH B^P 


V 5S3|L_ .Hole in 




^B^H 


U/S§3! "can 



MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Grenade (Improvised pipe hand grenade. Section II, No. 1. may be used) 

12 gauge shotgun 

12 gauge shotgun cartridges 

Two washers, (brass, steel, iron, etc.), having outside diameter of 
3/8 in. (l-i/2 cm) 

Rubber disk 3/4 in. (2 cm) in diameter and 1/4 in. (6 mm) thick (leather. 
ncoprenc, etc. can be used) 

A 30 in. (75 cm) long piece of hard wood (maple, oak. etc. approxi- 
mately 5/8 in. (1-1/2 cm) in diameter. Be sure that wood will slide 
into barrel easily. 

Tin can (grenade and its safety lever must fit into can) 

Two wooden blocks about 2 in. (5. cm) square and 1-1/2 in. (4 cm) thick 

One wood screw about 1 in. (2-1/2 cm) long 

Two nails about 2 in. (5 cm) long 

12 gauge wads, tissue paper, or cotton 

Adhesive tape, string, or wire 

Drill 

PROCEDURE : 

1 . Punch hole in center of rubber disk large enough for screw to pass 

through. 

Washer Wooden Stick 



Waaher 



2. Make push-rod as shown. 



Screw 




Rubber 
Disk 



NOTE: Gun barrel is slightly less than 3/4 inch in diameter. If rubber 
disk does not fit in barrel, file or trim it very slightly. It should fit 
tightly . 

3. Drill a hole through the center 
of one wooden block of such size 
that the push-rod will fit tightly 
Whittle a depression around the 
hole on one side approximately 
1/8 in (3 mm) and large enough 
for the grenade to rest in. 




'Nail 

8. Slide the can and block onto the barrel until muzzle passes can 
open end. Wrap a small piece of tape around the barrel an inch or 
two from the end. Tightly wrapped string may be used instead of tape. 
Force the can and wooden block forward against the tape so that they 
*re securely held in place. Wrap tape around the barrel behind the can 



Wooden 

Block 




t 4 



Tape 



Cun 
Barrel 



CAUTION: Be sure that the can is securely fastened to the gun barrel. 
If the can should become loose and slip down the barrel after the launcher 
is assembled, the grenade will explode after the regular delay time. 



V9. Remove crimp from a 12 gauge 
shotgun cartridge with pen knife. 
Open cartridge. Pour shot from 
shell. Remove wads and plastic 
liner if present. 



10. Empty the propellant onto a 
piece of paper. Using a knife, 
divide the propellant in half. 

Replace half of the propellant into 
the cartridge case. 



IL. Replace the 12 gauge cardboard 
wads into cartridge case. 





3 Cardboard 
Wads 

1/2 Original 
Propellant 






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302 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



NOTE; If wads are not available . 
Bluff tissue paper or cotton into the 
cartridge case. Pack tightly. 




Tissue Paper 
or Cotton 



HOW TO USE: 



Method I - When ordinary grenade is used: 

1. Load cartridge in gun. 

2. Push end of push -rod without the rubber disk into hole in wooden 
block fastened to grenade 

66 

3. Slowly push rod into barrel until it rests againat the cartridge case 
and grenade is in can. If the grenade is not in the can, remove rod and 
cut to proper size. Push rod back into barrel. 



Grenade 




4. With can holding safety lever of grenade In place, carefully remove 

aalety pin. 

CAUTION: Be aure that the aides of the can restrain the grenade safety 
lever. If the safety lever should be released for any reason r grenade 
will explode sfter regular grenade delsy time. 

5. To fire grenade launcher, rest gun in ground at angle- determined by 
range desired. A 45 degree angle should give about 150 meters <1G0 yds . ) 

■ 

Method U - when improvised pipe grenade is used: 

An improvised pipe grenade (Section U, No. 1) may be launched in a 
similar manner. No tin can is needed. 



Wooden Block 




'Pipe Grenade 



1. Fasten the grenade to the block as shown above with the fuse hole 
st the end opposite the block. 

2. Push end of push-rod into hole in wooden block fastened to grenade 

3. Push rod into barrel until it rests againat cartridge case. 

69 

4. Load cartridge in gun. 

5. Follow step 5 of Method I . 

6. Using a fuse with at least a 10 second delay. light the fuse before 
firing. 

7 Fire when the fuse burns to 1/2 its original length. 



70 



Sectioa IV 



GRENADE LAUNCH ER~( 37 MM CARDBOARD CONTAINER) 

An improvised method of launching a standard grenade 130 yds. 
(133 meters* or an improvised grenade 90 yds. i81 meters) using a 
discarded cardboard ammunition container. 



MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Heavy cardboard container with inside diameter of 2-1 '2 to 3 in. 

(3-1/2 to ft cm) and at lcasrtS in. 130 cm) long (ammunition 

container is suitable) 
Black powder • H grams (124 grains) or leas 
Safety or improvised fuse (Section VI, x«. ?| 

Grenade (Improvised hand grenade. Section II, Xo. I may be used) 
Rag, approximately 30 in. x 24 in. (73 cm .\ 60 emi 
Paper 




PROCEDURE : METHOD I - If Standard Grenade is Used. 

Top of 
Container 



I. Discard lop of container. 

Make small hole in bottom. 



Hole 




2. Place black powder in paper 
Tic end with string so contents 
cannot fall out. Place package In 
container. 



•3. Insert rag wadding into con- 
tainer. Pack tightly with CAUTION 

4. Measure off a length of fuse 
that will give the desired delay. 
Thread this through hole in bot- 
tom of container so that it pene- 
trates into the black powder package. 





Fuse 



Black Powder 
Package 




Rag Wadding 



NOTE: If improvised fuse is used, be sure fuse fits loosely through 
hole in bottom of container. 



Fuse 



Rag Wadding 



3. Hold grenade safety lever and- 
carefully withdraw safety pin from 
grenade. Insert grenade into con- 
tainer, lever end first. 




Black Powder 
Package 



Grenade 



CAUTION: If grenade safety lever should be released for any 
grenade will explode after normal delav time. 



6. Bury container about « In. (13 cm) in the ground at 30' angle, bring- 
ing fuse up alongside container. Pack ground Jigblly around container. 







POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



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IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 




CAUTION: The tightly packed dirt helps to hold the tube together dur- 
ing the firing. Do not fire unleae at least the bottom half of the container 
la buried in solidly packed dirt. 

METHOD I! - If improvised Pipe Hand Grenade is Used. 
I. Follow step I of above procedure. 

72 

2. ilea §u re off a piece of fuse at least at long as the cardboard eoa- 
taincr. Tape one end of this to the fuse from the Masting cap in the 
improvised grenade. Be aure ends of fuse arc in contact with each other. 



Tin can, about 4 ia. (10 cm) In diameter and 5-1/2 la. (14 cm) high 
Wood, about 3 ia. x 3 in. x 2 la. 47-1/2 cm x 7-1/2 era x 5 cm) 
Nail, at least 3 ia. (7-1/2 era) long 

Nuts and bolts or nails, at least 2-1/2 in. (6-1/2 cm) Long 
Rag 
Paper 
Drill 
If standard Shotgun la Used: 

Hard wood stick, sbout the same length aa shotgun barrel and about 

5/8 in. ( 1-1/2 cm) in diameter. Stick need not be round. 
2 washers (brass, steel, iron, etc.) having outside diameter of 5/8 

in. (1*1/2 cm) 
One wood screw about 1 in. (2-1/2 cm) long 
Rubber disk, 3/4 in. (2 cm) In diameter and 1/4 in. (8 mm) thick, 

leather, cardboard, etc. can be used. 
13 gauge shotgun ammunition 

If Improvised Shotgun ia Used: 
Fuse, safety or improvised fast burning (Section VI, No. 7) 
Hard wood stick, about the aame length aa shotgun barrel and 3/4 

In. (2 cm) in diameter 
Black powder - 9 grams (135 grains). See Section VII. No. 8. 



7k 



PROCEDURE : 



Fuse Connected 
to Blasting Cap 
In Grenade 




Fuse 



Tape 
3. Place free end of fuse and black powder on piece of paper. Tie 



with string so contents will not fall out. 




Black Powder 



Tape 



4. Place package in tube. Insert rag wadding. Pack so It fits snugly. 
Place pipe hand grenade into tube. Be sure it fits snugly. 



Cardboard 
Container 




Black Powder 
Package 

5. Insert fuse through hole ia end 
of cardboard container. Be sure it 
goes into black powder package. 



NOTE: Cardboard container may 
be used for only one firing. 

fi. Follow atep 8 of Method I. 



Rag Wadding 




Fuse 



Black Powder 
Package 



Pipe Hand 



HOW TO USE : 



Light fuse when ready to fir*. 

—» Section IV 

73 No. 4 

FIRE BOTTLE LAUNCHER 

A device using 2 item* (shotgun and chemical fire bottle) that caa 
be used to atari or place a fire 80 yarde (72 raetera) from launcher. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Standard 12 gauge or improvised shotgun (Section III, No. 2) 

Improvised fire bottle (Section V, No. 1) 



METHOD I - If Improvised Shotgun is Used: 



1. Drill hole In center of wood block 
approximately 1 la. (2-1/2 em) deep. 
Hole should have approximately the 

same diameter as the wooden stick. 



2 Small 
Holes 



2. Drill 2 small holes on opposite 
aides of ths wooden block. Hole 
should be large enough for bolts to 
pass through. 



3. Fasten caa to block with 
nuts and bolts. 

NOTE: Caa may also be 
securely buttoned to block 
hy hammering several nails 
through can and Mock. Do 
not drill holes, and be care- 
ful not to split wood. 

4. Place wooden stick into 
hole In wooden block. Drill 
small hole (same diameter 
aa that of 3 in. nail) through 
wooden block and through 
wooden atick. Insert nail in 
hole. 



Wooden Stick 



can 




5. Crumple paper and place in bottom of can. Place another piece of 
paper around fire bottle and insert in can. L'se enough paper so that 
bottle will fit snugly. 




Crumpled 
Paper 



Paper 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



304 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



«. Place safety fuse and black 

PO*der on paper, Tie each end 
with siring. 





li ,h T . hr " d c*** thr0Ugh h ° Ie in Plu »* Wtw P**r package in 
of shotgun. Screw plug finger dght lnt0 COuphng> ** **** 

NOTE: Hole in plug may have to be enlarged for fuse. 

Black Powder 
Pipe^Piug Package 

Safety Fuse 



rear 




i. Insert rag into front of shotgun. P»ck rag against powder package 
with stick. USE CAUTION ^^ P»caage 



METHOD n - If Standard Shotgun is Usad - 

1. Follow Steps 1 and 2, Shotgun Grenade Lsuncher. Section IV. No. 2. 

2. Follow procedure of Method 1. Steps 1 - s, 

3. Follow Step, 9 10 u. Shotgun Grenade Launcher, Section IV. . 
No. 2, using 1/3 of total propellant Instead of 1/2. 

4. Load cartridge in gun. 

HOW TO USE : 

1. Insert stick and holder containing chemical fire bottle. 
I CAUTlONTDono^iinnuzJlsTownwardrj 



Safety Fuse »"•««• 




2. Hold gun against ground at 45* angle and light fuse. 




Safety 
Fuse 



NOTE; Steps 1 and 2, "HOW TO USE, ' 
*f* same for both standard and improvised 

shotguns . 




CAUTION: Severe bums may result if bottle shatters when iired. if 
possible, obtain a bottle Identical to that being used as the fire bottle 
Fill about 2/3 full of water and fire aa above. If bottle shatters when 
fired inatead of being launched Intact, use ■ different type of bottle. 



Section IV 
77 No. 5 
GRENADE LAUNCHERS 

A variety of grenade launchers can be fabricated from metal pipes 
and fittings. Ranges up to 600 meters {660 yards) can be obtained de- 
pending on length of tube, charge, number of grenades, and angle of 
firing. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Metal pipe, threaded on one end and approximately 2-1/2 in. (6-1/4 cm) 
in diameter and 14 in. to 4 ft. <35 cm to 119 cm) long depending on 
range desired and number of grenades used. 

End cap to fit pipe 

Black powder, 13 to 50 gm, approximately 1-1/4 to 4-1/4 tablespoons 
(Section I, No. 3) 

Safety fuse, fast burning improvised fuse (Section VI, No. 7) or 

improvised electric bulb initiator (Section VI, No. l Automobile 
light bulb is needed) 

Grenade(s) - 1 to 6 

Rsg(s) - about 30 in. x 30 in. (75 cm x 75 cm) and 20 in. x 20 in. 

(55 cm x 55 cm) 
Drill 
String 

NOTE; Examine pipe carefully to be sure there are no cracks or other 

flaws. 



PROCEDURE : 

METHOD I- If Tub* is Used: 



1. Drill small hole through center 
of end cap. 



End Cap 



2. Make small knot near one end 
of fuse. Place black powder and 
knotted end of fuse in paper and tie 
with string. 




Hole 



Fuse 



String 



Black Powder 



3. Thread fuse through hole in end 
cap and place package in end cap. 
Screw end cap onto pipe, being care 
ful that black powder package is not 
caught between the threads. 



4. Roll rag wad so that it is about 
6 in, (IS cm) long and has approxi- 
mately the same diameter as the 
pipe. Push rolled rag into open- 
end of pipe until it rests against 
black powder package. 



5. Hold grenade safety lever In 
place and carefully withdraw safety 
pin. 




Fuse 



Black Powder 
Package 







POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



305 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



[ 



CAUTION: If grenade safety lever is released for any reason, grenade 
will explode after regular time. (4-5 aec.) _^_^____^_ 



6. Holding safety lever in place, carefully push grenade into pipe, lever 
end first, until it rests against rag wad. 




7, The following table lists various types of grenade launchers and their 
performance characteristics. 





NO. OF 


BLACK 




DESIRED 


GRENADES 


POWDER 


PIPE 


RANGE 


LAUNCHED 


CHARGE 


LENGTH 


2SGm 


1 


ISgra 


14" 


500 m 


1 


50 gm 


48" 


600 m <*> 


1 


SO gm 


48" 


200 m 


6 (b) 


25 gm 


48" 



FIRING 

ANGLE 



30* 

lo- 
se 
3<r 



(a) For this range, an additional delay is required. See Section VI, 
No. IX and 12. 



(b) 



For multiple grenade launcher, load as shown. 



NOTE: Since performance of different black powder varies, fire several 
test rounds to determine the exact amount of powder necessary to achieve 
the desired range. 

Stuffed Rag Black Powder 

(20 x 20) Package 




Grenade 
HOW TO USE: 



Grenade 



Rolled Rag 
(30 X 30) 



1, Bury at least 1/2 of the launcher pipe in the ground at desired 

ingle.. Open end should face the expected path of the enemy. Muzzle 

may be covered with cardboard and a thin layer of dirt and/or leaves 

aa camouflage. Be sure cardboard prevents dirt from entering pipe. 

Grenade 

A £ ^ Launcher 



Fuse 




Cardboard and 
Leaves 



NOTE: The 14 in. launcher may be hand held against the ground instead 
of being buried. 




2. Light fuse when ready to fire. 

METHOD II - If Electrical Igniter is Used: 

NOTE: Be aure that bulb is in good operating condition. 

1. Prepare electric bulb initiator as described in Section VI, No. 1. 

2. Place electric initiator and black powder charge in paper. Tie ends 
of paper with string. 




Connecting 
Wires 

3. Follow above Procedure, Steps 3 to end. 



HOW TO USE : 

1. Follow above How to Use, Step 1. 

2. Connect leads to firing circuit. Close circuit when ready to fire. 

Section IV 

81 No. 6 
60 MM MORTAR PROJECTILE LAUNCHER 

A device to launch 60 mm mortar rounds using a metal pipe 2-1/2 in. 
(6 en) in diameter and 4 ft. (120 cm) long as the launching tube. 



Mortar, projectile <60 mm) and charge increments 

Metal pipe 2-1/2 in. (6 cm) in diameter and 4 ft. <120 cm) long, threaded 

on one end 
Threaded end cap to fit pipe 

Bolt, 1/8 in. (3 mm) in diameter and at least 1 in. (2-1/2 cm) long 
Two <2) nuts to fit bolt 
File 
Drill 

PROCEDURE; _ End 

1. Drill hole 1/8 in. (3 mm) in 

diameter through center of end IlrIp ^. \ 



cap. 



2. Round off end of bolt with file 






Nut 



3, Place bolt through hole in end 
cap. Secure in place with nuts as 
illustrated. 



Fuse 



4. Screw end cap onto pipe 
tightly . Tube la now ready 
for 



82 




■flt 



35 



=1 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol, 2 



306 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



HOW TO USE : 

1. Bury launching tuba la 
ground at desired angle ao 
that bottom of tube is at 
leaat 2 ft. (60 cm) under- 
ground. Adjust the num- 
ber of increments in rear 

finned end of mortar projec- ,• 

tile. See following table 
for launching angle and 
number of increments used. 



Launching 

Tube 




Section V 
81i No. I 
CHEMICAL FIRE BOTTLE 

This incendiary bottle is self -igniting on target impact. 



Finned End 



2. When ready to fire, 
withdraw safety wire 
from mortar projectile. 
Drop projectile Into 
launching tube, FINNED 
END FIRST. 



Safety Wire 





MATERIALS REQUIRED How Used 

Sulphuric Acid Storage Batteries 
Gasoline Motor Fuel 



Charge 
Increments 



Mortar Projectile 



CAUTION: Be sure bore 
riding pin is In place In 
fuse when mortar pro- 
jectile Is dropped Into 
tube. A live mortar 
round could explode in 

the tube if the fit Is 
loose enough to permit 
the bore riding pin to 
come out partway. 




Common Source 



Motor Vehicles 
Gas Station or 
Motor Vehicles 
Drug Store 
Food Store 



Potassium Chlorate Medicine 

Sugar Sweetening Foods 

Glass bottle with stopper (roughly 1 quart size). 
Small Bottle or jar with lid. 
Rag or absorbent paper (paper towels, newspaper). 
String or rubber bands. 
PROCEDURE 

l - Sulphuric Acid Must be Concentrated . If battery acid or 
other dilute acid is used, concentrate it by boiling until dense 
white fumes are given off. Container used should be of enamel- 
ware or oven glass. 

CAUTION 



IcAUTJON: 


The round will fire 


as soon is the projectile Is avowed! 


1 into tube . 


Keep all parts of body behind the open end of the tube. 1 






83 




DESIRED 


MAXIMUM 


REQUIRED 


CHARGE - 


RANGE 


HEIGHT 


ANGLE OF 


NUMBER OF 


(YARDS) 


MORTAR 


ELEVATION 


INCREMENTS 




WILL 


OF TUBE 






REACH 


(MEASURED 






(YARDS) 


FROM HORI- 
ZONTAL 








DEGREES) 




150 


25 


40 





300 


50 


40 


1 


700 


150 


40 


2 


1000 


225 


40 


3 


1500 


300 


40 


4 


12S 


75 


60 





300 


125 


60 


1 


550 


250 


60 


2 


1000 


375 


60 


3 


1440 


600 


60 


4 


75 


100 


80 





150 


200 


80 


1 


300 


350 


80 


2 


400 


600 


80 


3 


550 


750 


80 


4 



Sulphuric acid will burn skin and destroy clothing. 
If any is spilled, wash it away with a large quantity of 
water. Fumes are also dangerous and should not be 

inhaled. 



2. Remove the acid from heat and allow to cool to room 
temperature. 

85 

proxLJtTy'zXtt lnt ° thB U '« e " ***> b0 " le mtU «* ta ">- 

5 * ^»»n the outside of the bottle thorough ly with clear water. 
CAUTION 

t« h^H h , iS J* ^ d0ne ' tHe flrC b ° ttle m *V b * dangerous 
to handle during use. 



Gasoline & Cap 

6. Wrap a clean cloth or several A . Su * phuric Acid 

sheets of absorbent paper around Ab8orb *«t Paper^ 
the outside of the bottle. Tie with String 

string or fasten with rubber bands. 




MnA° l "i 01 ** UZ CUP (10 ° gm) of P° U88iuf " chlorate and 1/2 
cup (100 gm) of sugar in one cup (250 cc) of boiling water 

cat, t! fl ht^ IO TK he 80 ! U i i0n T t0 c ° o1 ' P°" *»"> the small bottle and 

111 i /\ I J « 2 ■° 2Uti0n 8h ° U,d °« *" rox * Z '> "V'als 

£*.» li? CrC U m ° rC Uquid th4n thU * P° ur off excess 

tjciorc using. 



CAUTION 



Store this bottle separately from th 




POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



307 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



HOW TO USE 




1. Shake the •mall bottle to mix 
contents and pour onto the cloth 
or paper around the large bottle. 



Bottle can be used wet or after solution has dried. How- 
ever, when dry, the sugar - Potassium chlorate mixture 
is very sensitive to spark or flame and should be handled 
accordingly. 

2. Throw or launch the bottle. 
When the bottle breaks against 
a hard surface (target) the fuel will ignite. 

Section V 

66 No. 2 

IGNITER FROM BOOK MATCHES 
This 

is a hot igniter made from paper book matches for 

use with molotoy cocktail and other incendiaries. 



Use With Molotov Cocktail 

Tape the "match end tab' 
of the igniter to the neck of the 
( molotov cocktail. 



0JiX*AJCf< 




Grasp the "cover end tab" 
and pull sharply or quickly to 
ignite. 

General Use 

The book match igniter can be used by itself to ignite 
flammable liquids, fuse cords and similar items requiring 
hot ignition. 



Material Required 



Paper book matches. 
Adhesive or friction tape 



Procedure 



I, Remove the staple(s) from 
match book and separate 
matches from cover. 



2. Fold and tape one row of 

matches. 




CAUTION 

Store matches and completed igniters in mois- 
tureproof containers such as rubber or plastic bags 
until ready for use. Damp or wet paper book matches 

will not ignite. 



iB 




3. Shape the cover into a tube 
with striking surface on the 
inside and tape. Make sure 
the folded cover will fit 
tightly around the taped 
match heads. Leave cover 
open at opposite end for in- 
sertion of the matches. 



4. Push the taped matches in- 
to the tube until the bottom 
ends are exposed about 3/4 
in. (2 cm). 

87 

5. Flatten and fold the open 
end of the tube so that it 
laps over about 1 in. (2-1/2 

cm); tape in place. 





Section V 

88 No. 3 
MECHANICALLY INITIATE^ FIRE BOTTLE 

The mechanically initiated Fire Bottle is an incendiary device 
Which ignites when thrown against s hard surface. 

MATERIALS REQUIRED 



Glass jar or short neck bottle with 
s leakproof lid or stopper. 

"Tin" can or similar container just 
large enough to fit over the lid 
of the jar. 

Coil spring (compression) approxi- 
mately 1/2 the diameter of the 
can and 1 1/2 times as long. 

Gasoline 

Four (4) "blue tip" matches 

Flat stick or piece of metal 
(roughly 1/2" x 1/io" x 4") 

Wire or heavy twine 

Adhesive tape 




PROCEDURE 

1. Draw or scratch two lines 
around the can - one 5/4" (19 
mm) and the other 1 1/4" (30 
mm) from the open end. 




2. Cut 2 slots on opposite sides 
of the tin can at the line farthest 
from the open end. Make slots 
large enough for the flat stick or 
piece of metal to pass through. 




■'• 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



308 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



89 



Slot 



3. Punch 2 small holes just 
below the rim of the open end of 
the can. 




Holes 



9. Fill the jar with gasoline and cap tightly 



10. Turn can over and place over 
the jar so that the safety stick 
rests on the lid of the jar. 

91 



4. Tape blue tip matches together 
in pairs. The distance between 
the match heads should equal the 
inside diameter of the can. Two 
pairs are sufficient. 



Spring -* 



5. Attach paired matches to 
second and third coils of the 
spring, using thin wire. 



Matches 



6. Insert the end of the 
spring opposite the matches 
into the tin can. 



90 



7. Compress the spring until 

the end with the matches passes 

the slot in the can. Pass the 

flat stick or piece of metal Matches 

through slots in can to hold 

spring in place. This acts as 

a safety device. 




11. Pass wire or twine around 
the bottom of the jar. Thread 
ends through holes in can and 
bind tightly to jar. 



12. Tape wire or cord to jar 
near the bottom. 



HOW TO USE 




Safety 



8. Punch many closely spaced 
small holes between the lines 
marked on the can to form a 
striking surface for the 
matches. Be careful not to 
seriously deform can. 




1. Carefully withdraw flat 
safety stick. 



2. Throw jar at hard surfac 



CAUTION: 

SSJJfJ R = MOVE SAFETY STICK UNTIL READY TO 
THROW FIRE BOTTLE. 

•?■/■*? V iCk ' Wh€n in pUce ' P^vent. ignition of 
the fire bottle if it should accidentally be broken. 

qO Section V 

7t No. 4 

CELLED FLAME FUELS 

lisJ 3 fnr*«.° r P ** te ^ fucU * re often preferable to raw **,o 
greater heat concentration. «««*«» 

Several methods are shown for gelline Baseline ».in- 

4.1 Lye Sy* terns 

4.2 Lye-Alcohol Systems 

4.3 Soap-Alcohol Systems 

4.4 Egg White Systems 

4.5 Latex Systems 

4.6 Wax Systems 

4.7 Animal Blood Systems 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



309 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



Q ^ Section V 
y> No. 4.1 
GELLED FLAME FUELS 

LYE SYSTEMS 
Lye {also known ai caustic soda 

or Sodium Hydroxide) can be used in combination with 
powdered rosin or castor oil to gel gaso line for use 
as a flame fuel which will adhere to target surfaces. 

NOTE : This fuel is not suitable for use in the chemical 
(Sulphuric AcioTtype of fire bottle {Section V, No.l). 
The acid will react with the lye and break down the gel. 

MATERIALS REQUIRED: 



Ethyl Alcohol Whiskey 

Medicine 



Liquor store 
' Drug store 

NOTE: Methyl (wood) alcohol or isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol can 
be substituted for ethyl alcohol, but their use produces softer 
gels. 

14 Tallow Food Fat rendered by 

Making of soap cooking the meat or 

suet of animals. 

NOTE: The following can be substituted for the tallow: 

(a) Wool grease (Lanolin) (very good) « Fat extracted from 

sheep wool. 

(b) Castor oil (good) . 

(c) Any vegetable oil (corn, cottonseed, peanut, linseed, etc.) 
(d> Any fish oil 

(e) Butter or oleomargarine 



Parts by 

Volume 

60 



Ingredient 
Gasoline 



How Used 



Motor fuel 



Common j>qurce 

Gas station or 

motor vehicle 



2 (flake) or Lye 
1 (powder) 



15 



Rosin 



or 



Drain cleaner. Food store 
making, of Drug store 

soap 

Manufacturing Naval stores 
Paint U Varnish Industry 



Castor Oil Medicine 
PROCEDURE: 



Food and Drug 
Stores 



f CAUTION: Make sure that there are no open flames 
when mixing the flame fuel. NO SMOKING! in the 
area .__^_ 

1. Pour gasoline into jar, bottle or other container. 

(DO NOT USE AN ALUMINUM CONTAINER.) 

2. If rosin is in cake form, crush into small pieces. 

3. Add rosin or castor oil to the gasoline 
and stir for about five (5) minutes to mix thoroughly. 



It is necessary when using substitutes (c) to (e) to double the 
given amount of fat and of lye for satisfactory bodying. 

PROCEDURE: 



CAUTION: Make sure that there are no open flames in the area 
when mixing flame fuels. NO SMOKING! 

■SSSaBBBBSBBBBSBSSSSSSSSBBBBBBBBBBBBSBBBBBBSMMMg Willi I II 

1. Pour gasoline into bottle, jar or other container. (DO NOT 

USE AN ALUMINUM CONTAINER). 

2. Add Tallow (or substitute) to the gasoline and stir for about 
1/2 minute to dissolve fat. .£ 

3. Add alcohol to the gasoline mixture. 

4. In a separate container (NOT ALUMINUM) slowly add lye to 
an equal amount of water. Mixture should be stirred constantly 
while adding lye. 

I CAUTION: Lye solution can burn skin and destroy clothing. 
If any is spilled, wash away immediately with large quantities 
of water. 

5. Add lye solution to the gasoline mixture and stir occasionally 
until thickened (about 1/2 hour). 



NOTE: The mixture will eventually (1 to 2 days) thicken to a 

very arm paste. This can be thinned, if desired, by stirring in 

additional gasoline. Section V 

4. In a second container (NOT ALUMINUM) add lye to an equal 95 jf Q " * 

volume of water slowly with stirring. GELLED FLAME FUELS 



I ^AUTION: Lye s 
I any is spilled, w; 



olution can burn akin and destroy clothing. If 
wash away immediately with large quantities of water. 



1 



SOAP-ALCOHOL SYSTEM 



5. Add lye solution to the gasoline 

mix and stir until mixture thickens (about one minute). 
NOTE: The sample 

will eventually thicken to a very firm paste. This can 

be thinned, if desired, by stirring in additional gasoline. 

Qi Section V 
"** No. 4.2 

CELLED FLAME FUELS 

LYE -ALCOHOL SYSTEMS 



Common household soap can be used in combination with 
alcohol to gel gasoline for use as a flame fuel which will adhere 
to target surfaces. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED: 



Parts by 

Volume 



36 



Lye (also known as caustic soda or Sodium Hydroxide) can be 
used in combination with alcohol and any of several fats to gel \ 
gasoline for use as a flame fuel. 



Ingredient 
Gasoline 



Ethyl Alcohol 



How Used 



Motor fuel 



Common Sourc e 

Gas station, 
Motor vehicles 



Liquor store 
Drug store 



NOTE: This fuel is not suitable for use in the chemical (Sulphuric 
Acid) type of fire bottle (Section V, No, 1). The acid will react 
with the lye and break down the gel. 

MATF.RIALS REQUIRED: 



Whiskey 
Medicine 
NOTE: Methyl (wood) or isopropyl (rubbing) 

alcohols can be substituted for the whiskey. 



Washing 

clothes 



Stores 



Part« by 

Volume 

60 



Gasoline 



How Used 



Motor fuel 



Common Source 

Gas station or 
motor vehicles 



2 (Hake) or Lye 
1 (powder) 



Drain cleaner Food store 
Making of soap Drug store 



20 (pow- Laundry soap 
dered) or 
28 (Hake) 

NOTE: Unless the word "soap" actually appears somewhere on 
the container or wrapper, a washing compound is probably a 
detergent. These Can Not Be Used. 

PROCEDURE : 

CAUTION: Make sure that there are no open flames in the area 
when mixing flame fuels. NO SMOKING! ' 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



310 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



1. If bar soap is used, carve into thin flakes using a knife, 2. Pour egg white into ajar, bottle, or other container and add 

2. Pour alcohol and gasoline into ajar, bottle or other con- ,MoUn *" 

tainer and mix thoroughly. » ...^ .„ . .. a „. 

• ' *• Add the salt (or other additive) to the mixture and stir 

3. Add soap powder or flake, to gasoline -alcohol mix and «£?****-** UfttU « el forma Ubout * to 10 minutes). 

occaiinnallu until tVirks>Ma#l /^Unt it *-*;«...*««% .. 



occasionally until thickened (about 15 minutes). 

-^Section V 

71 No. 4.4 
CELLED FLAME FUELS 

EGG SYSTEMS 

The white of any bird egg can be used to gel gasoline for use 
as a flame fuel which will adhere to target surfaces. 

MATERIALS REQUIRED: 



Parts by 

Volume 

■5 



14 



Ingredient 
Gasoline 



Egg Whites 



How Used 

Motor fuel 
Stove fuel 
Solvent 

Food 

Industrial pro 
cesses 



Common Source 

Gas station 
Motor vehicles 



Food stors 
Farms 



Any One Of The Following: 



1 



Table Salt 



Food 

Industrial pro 
cesses 



Ground Coffee Food 



1 



Dried Tea 
Leaves 

Cocoa 



Sugar 



Saltpeter 
(Niter) 

(Potassium 
Nitrate) 

Epsom salts 



Food 



Food 



Sea water 
Natural brine 
Food store 

Coffee plant 
Food store 

Tea plant 
Food store 

Cacao tree 
Food store 



Sweetening foods Sugar cane 
Industrial pro- Food store 
cesses 



Pyrotechnics 
Explosives 
Matches 
Medicine 

'Medicine 
Mineral water 
Industrial pro- 
cesses 



Natural Deposits 
Drug store 



Natural deposits 
Kieserite 
Drug store 
Food store 



Washing soda 
(Sal soda) 



1 1/2 Baking Soda 



shing cleaner Food store 



1 1/2 Aspirin 

PROCEDURE; 



W 

Medicine 

Photography 

98 

Baking 

Manufacture of: 
Beverages, 
Mineral waters 
and Medicines 

Medicine 



Drug store 

Photo supply store 



Food store 
Drug store 



Drug store 
Food store 



[CAUTION: Make 

■en mixing flame fuels. NO SMOKING! 



• ure that there are no open tlames an the 



NOTE: A thicker gelled flame fuel can be obtained by putting 
the capped Jar in hot (65'C) water for about 1/2 hour and then 
lotting them cool to room temperature. (DO NOT HEAT THE 
GELLED FUEL CONTAINING COFFEE). 

^ Section V 
99 No. 4.5 
GELt£D FLAME FUELS 

LATEX SYSTEMS 

Any milky white plant fluid ie a potential source of latex 
which can be used to gel gasoline 

MATERIALS REQUIRED: 

Ingredient How Used 



Gasoline 



Latex. 

commerical or 
natural 



Motor fuel 
Solvent 

Paints 

Adhesives 



One of the Following Acids: 



Acetic Acid 
(Vinegar) 



Sulfuric Acid 
(Oil of Vitriol) 



Salad dressing 
Developing film 



Common Source 

Gas station 
Motor vehicle 

Natural from tree or 
plant 

Rubber cement 



Food stores 
Fermented apple elder 
Photographic aupply 



Storage batteries Motor vehicles 
Material processing Industrial plants 



Hydrochloric Acid 
(Muriatic Acid) 



Petroleum w«lU Hardware store 
Pickling snd metal Industrial plants 
cleaning 

Industrial processes 
^ T eM„ 1 /H C f d, .K r T t * v * iUb, «- — "id ..It (alum. .„«„., 

PROCEDURE; 



[when mixing flame fuels. NO SMOKING! 
1. With Commercial Rubber Latex: 

«f -.■.-.« ,C t '*W *>y volume of latex and 92 parti by volume 
of ga.olin.ln bottle. Cap bottle and .hake to mix well* 

wJSk rtftifi? ^ V ° ,U ~ Vi ~«* r (< " °*« r ~ ld » "* *— 



CAUTION: Concentrated acids will burn skin and destroy < 

clothing. If any is spilled, wash away immediately with larce 
quantities of water. * ' 



2. With Natural Latex 



100 



In. ««*fnYo r£.? hi !!. f,om jtf k - ™« c *» be done by breaking 
the egg into a dish and carefully removing the yolk with a sp oon. 

Karl™ *£ WHITE " U e " y ° ,k ••«• int * »* •« «""J 



a. Natural latex should form lumps as it comes from the 
plant. If lumps do not form, add a small amount of acid to the 

latex. 

b. Strain off the latex lumps and allow to dry in air. 

c. Place 20 parts by volume of latex in bottle and add B0 
parts by volume of gasoline. Cover pottle and allow to stand 
until a swollen gel mass is obtained (2 to 3 days). 

XUi No. 4.6 

GELLED FLAME FUELS 

WAX SYSTEMS 
tSf^ttET: J.*""?" !" »"* * Prt ■-«- for 



» a. a flame fuel which wina^ere' S^TfcC 



1 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



311 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



30 



Animal blood 
Scrum 



MATERIALS REQUIRED: 



Any one of the following: 



Parts by 

Volume 

80 



Salt 



Ingredient 

Gasoline 



How Used 

Motor fuel 
Solvent 



Common Source 

Cat station 
Motor vehicle* 



Any one of the following: 



20 



Ozocerite 
Mineral wax 
Fob ail wax 
Cere sin wax 



Leather polish Natural deposits 



Beeswax 



Sealing wax* 
Candles 
Crayons 
Waxed paper 

Textile sizing 

Furniture and 
floor waxes 

Artificial fruit 
and flowers 

Lithog r aphin g 

Wax paper 

Textile finish 

Candles 



General stores 
Department store 



Dried Tea 
Leaves 

Sugar 



Honeycomb of bee 

General store 
Department store 



Lime 



Bayberry wax Candles 



Myrtle wax 



Soaps 
Leather polish 

Medicine 



PROCEDURE: 



Natural form 
Myrica berries 
General store 
Department store 

Drug store 



Baking soda 



1. Obtaining wax from Natural Sources: Plants and berries, are 
potential sources of natural waxes. Place the plants and/or 
berries in boiling water. The natural waxes will melt. 

Let the water cool. The natural waxes will form a 
solid layer on the water surface. Skim off the solid wax 

and let it dry. With natural waxes which have suspended 
matter when melted, screen the wax through a cloth. 



Epsom salts 



PROCEDURE: 



Food 

Medicine 



Slaughter House 
Natural habitat 



Food Sea Water - 

Industrial pro- Natural brine 
cesses Food store 



Ground Coffee Food 



Caffeine source 
Beverage 

Food 
Beverage 



Coffee plant 
Food store 



Tea plant 
Food store 



Sweetening foods Sugar cane 
Industrial pro- Food store 
cesses 



Mortar 

Plaster 
Medicine 
Ceramics 
Steel making 
Industrial pro- 
cesses 

Baking 
Beverages 
Medicine 
Industrial pro- 
cesses 

Medicine 
Mineral water 

Industrial pro- 
cesses 



From calcium 
carbonate 
Hardware store 
Drug store 
Garden supply 

Store 



Food store 
Drug store 



Drug store 
Natural de- 
posits 
Food store 



103 



2. Melt the wax and 

pour into jar or bottle which has been placed 
in a hot water bath. 

3. Add gasoline to the bottle. 

4. When wax has 

completely dissolved in the gasoline, allow the 
water bath to cool slowly to room temperature. 

NOTE: If a gel does not form, add additional wax (up 
to 40% by volume) and repeat the above steps. If no gel 
forms with 40% wax, make a Lye solution by dissolving 
a small amount of Lye (Sodium H>droxide) in an equal 
amount of water. Add this solution (1/2% by volume) to 
the gasoline wax mix and shake bottle until a gel forma. 

Section V 
102 No. 4. 7 
GELLED FLAME FUELS 



1. Preparation of animal blood serum: 

a. Slit animal's throat by jugular vein. Hang- up-side down 
to drain. 

b. Place coagulated (lumpy) blood in a cloth or on a screen 
and catch the red fluid (serum) which drains through. 

c. Store in coot place if possible. 

CAUTION: Do not get aged animal blood or the serum into an 
open cut. This can cause infection* , 

2. Pour blood serum into jar. bottle, or other container and 
add gasoline. 

3. Add the salt (or other additive) to the mixture and stir until 
a gel forma. Section V 

10k No. S 

ACID DELAY INCENDIARY 

This device will ignite automatically after a given time delay. 



ANIMAL BLOOD SYSTEMS 

MATERIAL REQUIRED: 
Animal blood can be used to gel gasoline rbr use as a flan* e 
fuel which will adhere to target surfaces. 



MATERIAL REQUIRED: 



Parts 

by Volume 

68 



ngrcdient 



Gasoline 



Small jar with cap 
Cardboard 
Adhesive tape 

Common Source Potassium Chlorate 

' Sugar 

Motor fuel Gas station Sulphuric Acid (Battery Acid) 



How Used 



Solvent 



Motor vehicles Rubber sheeting (automotive inner tube) 




POOR MAN'S JAKES BOND Vol. 2 



312 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



PROCEDURE : 

I. Sulphuric acid muat 

be concentrated. If battery acid or other dilute acid 
is used, concentrate it by boiling. Container used 
should be of enamelware or oven glass. When dense 
white fumes begin to appear, immediately remove the 
acid from heat and allow to cool to room temperature. 



CAUTION; Sulphuric acid will burn skin and destroy clothina 
any is spilled, wash it away with a large quantity of water. F 
are also dangerous and should not be inhaled. 



iMw° R , TAN > T: w a»h outside of jar thoroughly with clear water, 
ix this la not done, the jar may be dangerous to handle during use 

HOW TO USE ; 

1. Place the tube containing the Sugar Chlorate crystals on an 
incendiary or flammable material taped end down. 

2. Turn the jar of sulphuric acid cap end down and slide it into 
the open end of the tube. 




2. Dissolve one part by volume of Potassium Chlorate and one 
part by volume of sugar in two parts by volume of boiling water. 

3. Allow the solution to cool. When crystals settle, pour off and 
discard the liquid. m ^ jar 

4. Form a tube from cardboard 
just large enough to fit around the 
outside of the jar and 2 to 3 times 
the height of the jar. Tape one 
end of the tube closed. 





lv'- , : : : ; "--<:l 



JAR WITH 
SULPHURIC ACID 



TUBE OF 

SUGAR CHLORATE 

INCENDIARY OR 

FLAMMABLE 
MATERIAL 



CARDBOARD 



POTASSIUM 

CHLORATE 

5. Pour wet Potassium Chlorate S - UGAR 
sugar crystals into the tube until 
it is about 2/3 full. Stand the 
tube aside to dry. 

CAR BOARD 

TUBE 

6. Drill a hole through the cap 
of the jar about 1/2 inch (1 1/4 cm) 

in diameter. 




After a time delay, the acid will eat through the rubber disc 
and ignite the sugar chlorate mix. The delay time depends upon 
the thickness and type of rubber used for the disc. Before using 
this device, tests should be conductei determine the delay time 
that can be expected. 

ni9rLui p ** m t ? «*nd*rd automobile inner tube (about 1/32" 
lh4Ck> wlU P rovid * * «***y time of approximately 45 minute •? 

Section VI 
106 No. 1 

ELECTRIC BULB INITIATOR 
light or automobile electric light bulb. 



JAR 

LID 



105 



7. Cut a disc from rubber sheet 
so that it just fits snugly inside 
the lid of the jar. 



RUBBER 
SHEET 




MATERIAL REQUIRED Bulb Bas 



Electric light bulb and 

mating socket 
Cardboard or heavy paper 
Black Powder 
Adhesive tape 



PROCEDURE 



Method I 




Filament 

Black Powder 

Cardboard Tube 

Cap or Tape 



8. Partly fill jar with water, cover with rubber disc and cap 
tightly with the drilled lid. Invert bottle and allow to stand for 
a few minutes to make sure that there are no leaks. THIS IS 
EXTREMELY IMPORTANT. 



9. Pour water from jar and fill 
about 1/3 full with concentrated 
iulphuric acid. Replace the 
rubber disc and cap tightly. 





CAP 



RUBBER 

DISC 



SULPHURIC 

ACID 



1. Break the glass of the elec- 
tric light bulb. Take care not to 
damage the filament. The ini- 
tiator will NOT work if the fila- 
ment is broken. Remove all 
glass above the base of the bulb. 



2, Form a tube 3 to 4 inches 
long from cardboard or heavy 
paper to fit around the base of 
the bulb. Join the tube with ad- 
hesive tape. 




* 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



313 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



3. Fit the tube to the bulb b 
and tap* in place. 



Filament 



Make sure that the tube d 
not cover that portion of the 
bulb base that fit* into the 
socket. 




4. If no eocket ie available for 
connecting the initiator to the 
firing circuit, solder the con- 
necting wires to the bulb bass. 

CAUTION? Do NOT use a hot 
soldering iron on the completed 

_£a>-*Jft^« ■la*, i* _*». 1— U. *C_- 



Bulb Base 




Cardboard 

/ Tube Material Required 



Tape 



107 



Paper book matches. 
Adhesive or friction tape. 
Fuse cord (improvised or 

commercial). 
Pin or small nail. 




Procedure 

1* Remove the staple(s) from 
match book and separate 
matches from cover. 




rvH C9"9 



A 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



314 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



8. Push pin or small nail 
through matches and fuse 
cord. Bend end of pin or 
nail. 

Method of Use 

To light the fuse cord, the 
igniter is held by both hands 
and pulled sharply or quickly. 




CAUTION 





to iDcimti' 



Store matches and completed fuse igniters in 
moistureproof containers such as plastic or rub- 
ber type bags until ready for use. Damp or wet 
paper book matches will not ignite. Fuse lengths 
should not exceed 12 in. (30 cm) for easy storage 
These can be spliced to main fuses when needed. 



jT»— W*>» *•»• mf MMas 
I 

3. Position the burning cigarette with fuse so that it 
burn, freely. A suggested method is to hang the delay on 

NOTE 

Common dry cigarettes burn about 1 inch every 7 or 
8 mmutes in -till air. If the fuse cord is placed 1 inch from 
the burning end of a cigarette a time delay of 7 or 8 minute, 
win result. 

Delay time will vary depending upon type of cigarette, 
wind, moisture, and other atmospheric condition.. 



To obtain accurate delay time, a test run should be 

made under "use" conditions. 



Section VI 

110 No. 3 

DEJ-AY IGNITER FROM CIGARETTE 

A simple and economical time delay can be made with 
a common cigarette. 

\ 

* - 

A time delay device for use with electrical firing circuits 
can be made by using a watch with a plastic crystal. 



miTiftt** 



„. Section VI 
WATCH DELAY TIMER 




Materials Required 

Cigarette. 

Paper match. 

String (shoelace or similar cord). 

Fuse cord (improvised or commercial). 

Procedure 

CUT SO INNER CORE IS EXPOSED 




f-V¥ I 

\ 




1. Cut end of fuse cord to expose inner core, 



»ATCM 




Material and Equipment Required 

Watch with plastic crystal. 
Small clean metal .crew. 
Battery. 

Connecting wires. 
Drill or nail. 
Procedure 

1. If watch ha. a .weep or large second hand, re- 
move it. If delay time of more than one hour is required, 
also remove the minute hand. If hand, are painted, care- 
fully .crape paint from contact edge with Imife. 



rust cos. 



2. Drill a hole through the 

crystal of the watch or 

pierce the cry.tal with a 

-> .. , ( . heated nail. The hole mu.t 

2. Light cigarette in normal fashion. Place a paper be small enough that the 

»e both t^hl ^ ""Til!* u Ver eXP< ^ d ^ ° f fU " " rd "* J « eW Cto be t£ « htl r threaded 
tie both to the side of the burning cigarette with string. into it. 







POOR KAN'S JAlVES BOND Vol. 2 



315 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 




2. Drill hole completely through 
the center of the plug and cap 
large enough that the nail fits 

loosely. 



3. Place the screw in the hole 

and turn down as far as 

possible without making 

contact with the face of the 

watch. If screw has a pointed 

tip, it may be necessary to 

grind the tip flat. 3. Enlarge the hole in the plug 

except for the last 1/8 in. (3 mm) 
•o that the fuse cord will just fit. 

If no screw is available, pass a bent stiff wire through 

the hole and tape to the crystal. 




DRILL 



DIAMETER OF FUSE CORD 

1/8 in. 

PIPE PLUG 




1 



T 



Emp 



ORTANT; 



Check to make sure hand of watch can- 
not pass screw or wire without contact* 
ing it. 



DIAMETER OF NAIL- 



How to Use 



4. Remove the plug from the cap 
and push the flat head nail through 
the hole in the cap from the inside. 



I. Set the watch so that a hand will reach the screw 
or wire at the time you want the firing circuit completed. 



2. Wind the watch. 



H5 




NAIL 



PIPE CAP 



3. Attach a wire from the case of the watch to one 
terminal of the battery. 



5. Cut the striking tips from approximately 10 strike -anywhere 
matches. Place match tips inside pipe cap and screw plug in 



4. Attach one wire from an electric initiator (blast- 
ing cap, squib, or alarm device) tp the screw or wire on 
the face of the watch. 



FUSE CCRD 
PLUG 



HOW TO USE: 



1. Slide the fuse cord into the 
hole in the pipe plug. 

5. After thorough inspection is made to assure that 
the screw or the wire connected to it is not touching the face 
or case of the watch, attach the other wire from the initia- 
tor to the second terminal of the battery. 



PIPE CAP 




MATCH HEADS 
NAIL 



CAUTION 



Follow step 5 carefully to prevent prema- 
ture initiation. 



2. Tape igniter to fuse cord, 



Section VI 

llli No. 5 

NO-FLASH FUSE IGNITER 

A simple no-flash fuse igniter can be made from common 
pipe fittings. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

1/4 in. (6mm) Pipe Cap 
Solid 1/4 in. (6mm) Pipe Plug 
Flat head nail about 1/16 in. 

(1 1/2 mm) in diameter 
Hand Drill 
Common "Strike Anywhere" 

Matches 
Adhesive Tape 

PROCEDURE : 

1. Screw the pipe plug tightly 
into the pipe cap. 




3. Tap point of nail on a hard 
surface to ignite the fuse. 




Section VI 

116 No. 6 

DRIED SEED TIMER 

A time delay device for electrical firing circuits can be 
made using the principle of expansion of dried seed». 

■ 

MATERIEL REQUIRED : 

Dried peas, beans or other dehy- 
drated seeds 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



316 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



timer 



Wide mouth glass jar with non- 
metal cap 

Two screws or bolts 

Thin metal plate 

Hand drill 
Screwdriver 

PROCEDURE : 

1. Determine the rate of rise of the dried seeds selected. This 

is necessary to determine delay time of the timer. 

a. Place a sample of the dried seeds in the jar and cover 
with water. 




Expansion of the seeds will raise the metal disc until It? 
contacts the screws and closes the circuit. 

CONNECTING WIRES —EXPLOSIVE 




BATTERY 
Q Section VI 

118 No. 7 

FUSE CORDS 



BLASTING CAP 



b. Measure the time it takes for the seeds to rise a given 

height. Most dried seeds increase 50% in one to two T v..^ f„.„ mmm * m . , . 

hfivrs. *£**? ,u,€ cordB * r « u ««<* *©* igniting propellants and 

incendiaries or, with a non-electric blasting cap, to detonate 

explosives. 



2. Cut a disc from thin metal 
plate. Disc should fit loosely 
inside the jar. 



NOTE: If metal is painted, 

rusty or otherwise coated, it must 
be scraped or sanded to obtain 
a clean metal surface. 




3. Drill two holes in the cap of 
the jar about 2 inches apart. 
Diameter of holes should be such 
that screws or bolts will thread 
tightly into them. If the Jar has 
a metal cap or no cap, a piece 
of wood or plastic ( NOT META L) 
can be used as a cover. 



METAL PLATE 



117 

4. Turn the two screws or bolts 
through the holes in the cap. 
Bolts should extend about one in. 
(2 1/2 cm) into the jar. 



1 IMPORTANT: 


: Both bolts 


must I 


|ext< 


and the same distance below I 


|the 


container 


cover. 






FAST BURNING FUSE 

The burning rate of this fuse is approximately 40 in. (100 cmt 
per minute. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Soft Cotton String /'Potassium Nitrate (Saltpeter) 25 parts 

Fine .Black Powder --or./ Charcoal 3 parts 

Piece of round stick \Sulphur z parts 

Two pans or dishes 



PROCEDURE : 

1. Moisten fine Black Powder to form 
stitute as follows: 



JAR CAP 



a paste or prepare a sub 



a. Dissolve Potassium Nitrate in an equal amount of water 

b. Pulverize charcoal by spreading thinly on a hard surface 
and rolling the round stick over it to crush to a fine powder. 

c. Pulverize sulphur in the same manner. 

d. Dry mix sulphur and charcoal. 

«. Add Potassium Nitrate solution to the dry mix to obtain 
a thoroughly wet paste. STRING NAIL 

j, BOLT 



5. Pour dried seeds into the container. The level will depend _— - 

upon the previously measured rise time and the desired delay. 2. Twist or braid three strands 

-~*~ of cotton string together 

METAL 
DISC 

6. Place the metal disc in the 
jar on top of the seeds. 



HOW TO USE: 





JAR 



3. Rub paste mixture into twi.ted 
DRIED SEEDS »tring with fingers and allow to dry 



BLACK POWDER PASTE 



i«H A f d Ju '< cnou * h w * ter ^ completely cover the seeds 
and place the cap on the jar. 

fw £ ttacft connecting wires from 
the firing circuit to the two screws 
on the cap. 



CONNECTING 
WIRES 

METAL DISC 

DRIED 

SEEDS 





119 /r 
Uke^fVrVk^w b r nin l ? "I' Q< fU " by "*"«'»• the time it 

obtain a one minute (60 second) delay time. 

SLOW BURNING FUSE 
m^nut^ ning r * U ° £thU *•• *• proximately 2 in. (5 cm) per 
MATERIAL REQUIRED 
Cotton String or 3 Shoelaces 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



317 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



PROCEDUR E: 

1. Waih cotton- at ring or shoelace* in hot soapy water; rinse in 
fresh water. 

2. Dissolve 1 part Potassium Nitrate or Potassium Chlorate 
and 1 part granulated sugar in 2 parts hot water. 

3. Soak string or shoelaces in solution. 

4. Twist or braid three strands of string together and allow to 

dry. 

5. Check actual burning rate of the fuse by measuring the time 
it takes for a known length to burn. Thia ia used to determine 
the length needed for the desired delay time. If 2 in. (5 cm) 
burns for 1 minute, 10 in. (25 cm) will be needed to obtain a S 

minute delay. 



String 



4. Thread string through hole in 
cigarette. 



5. Tie string around rear of 
clothespin, 1/8 inch or less from 
end. The clothespin nay be notched 
to hold the string in place! 




Notches Less Than 
1/8 Inch From End 



/^ 



I 



NOTE: The last few inches of this cord (the end inserted in the 
material to be ignited) should be coated with the fast burning 

Black Powder paste if possible. This must be done when the NOTE: The string must keep the rear end of the clothespin closed so 
fuse is used to ignite a blasting cap . that the Jaws stay open and no contact is made between the wires. 

HOW TO USE: 



f REMEMBER: The burning rate of either of these fuses can vary] 
greatly. Do Not Use for ignition until you have checked their 
burning rate. _^_^__^_ 

Section VI 

" u No. 8 

CLOTHESPIN TIME DELAY SWITCH 

A 3 to 5 minute time delay switch can be made from the clothespin 
switch (Section VO, No. 1) and a cigarette. The system can be used for 
initiation of explosive charges, mines, and booby traps. 



Suapend the entire system verti- 
caLly with the cigarette tip down. 
Light tip of cigarette. Switch will 
close and Initiation will occur when 
the cigarette burns up to and 
through the string. 




To Firing 

Circuit 



Cigarette 



MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Spring type clothespin 

Solid or stranded copper wire about 1/16 in. (2 mm) in diameter (field or 

bell wire is suitable) 
Pine string, about 6 inches in length 
Cigarette 
Knife 

PROCEDURE: 



1. Strip about 4 inches (10 cm) of 
insulation from the ends of 2 copper 
wires. Scrape copper wires with 
pocket knife until metal is shiny. 



2. Wind one scraped wire tightly 
on one Jaw of the clothespin, and 
the other wire on the other Jaw so 
that the wires will be in contact 
with each other when the Jaws are 
closed. 




NOTE: Wires to the firing circuit must not be pulled taut when the 
twitch it mounted. This could prevent the Jaws from closing. 

SECTION VI 

122 NO. 9 

TIME DELAY GRENADE 

This delay mechanism makes it possible to use an ordinary grenade 
as a time bomb. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Grenade 
Fuse Cord 

IMPORTANT: Fuse cord must be the type thai burns completely. 
Fast burning improvised fuse cord (Sec 'ion VI. No. 7)' is suitable. 
Safety fuse is not satisfactory, since its outer covering does not 
burn. 



PROCEDURE: 



Knot 



Burning 
Length 



-i 




I . Bend end of safety lever upward 
to form a book. Make a single loop 
of fuse cord around the center of 
the grenade body and safety lever. 
Tie a knot of the non-slip variety at 
the safety lever. 



Measured Length 
of Fuse Cord 

Safety Lever 
Pin 




Loop of 

Fuse Cord 



3. Measuring from tip of cigarette, 
measure a length of cigarette that 
will correspond to the desired delay 
time. Make s hole in cigarette at 
this point, using wire or pin. 

121 Pin or Wire 

NOTE: Delay time may be adjusted by varying the burning length of the 

cigarette. Burning rate in still air is approximately ? minutes per inch 2 - Measuring from the knot along the free length of the fuse cord, 

(2. 5 cm). Since this rate varies with environment and brand of cigarette, measure off a length of fuse cord that will give the desired delay 

it should be tested in each case if accurate delay time is desired. time. Cut off the excess fuse cord. 



IOTE: The loop must be tight enough to hold the safety lever in posi- 
tion when the pin is removed. 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



318 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



HOW TO USE: 



X. Place hand around grenade and 
safety (ever so safety lever is held 
in place. Carefully remove pin. 



2. Emplace grenade in desired 
location while holding grenade and 
safety lever. 

3. Very carefully remove hand from grenade and safety lever, making 
sure that the fuse cord holds* the safety lever in place. 

123 




Bare 
Stiff Solid V 

Wire ^"^ 






To Firing 

«. Circuit 


" ■« w ^*fc 

Uquid*. 




pi^xL 


___ Insulated 
*" Wirt 






>«L^?z 


^L * ** % 1 


Wood 

Block 




1 Pinhole - * 

WOW TO USE- 


S*^ 


2( 








4. Light free and of fuse cord. Section VI 

12l| No. 10 
CAN-LIQUID TIME DELAY 



A time delay device for electrical firing circuits can be made using 
a can and liquid. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED 

Can 

Liquid (water, gasoline, etc.) 

Small block of wood or any material that will float on the liquid used 
Knife 

2 pieces of solid wire, each piece 1 foot (30 cm) or longer 
PROCEDURE; 



1. Make 2 small holes at opposite 
sides of the can very close to the 
top. 



2. Remove insulation from a long 
piece of wire for a distance a Utile 
greater than the diameter of the can. 




3. Secure the wire in place across 
the top of the can by threading it 
through the holes and twisting in 
place, leaving some slack. Make 
loop in center or wire. Be sure a 
long piece of wire extends from 
one end of the can. 



4. Wrap a piece of insulated wire around the block of wood. Scrape 
insulation from a small section of this wire and band as shown so that 
wire contacts loop before wood touches bottom of container. Thread 
this wire through the loop of bare wire. 

5. Make a very small hole (pinhole) in the side of the container. Fill 

container with a quantity of liquid corresponding to the desired delay 

time. Since the rate at which liquid leaves the can depends upon weather 

conditions, liquid used, size of hole, amount of liquid in the container. 

etc. , determine the delay time for each individual case. Delays from 

a few minutes to many hours are possible. Vary time by adjusting liquid 
'level, type of liquid (water, oil) and hole size. 



(.taps above). Be sure that woodan block float, on liquid and that wire 
la free to move down aa liquid leavea container . 

1. Connect wirea to firing circuit. 

MOTE: A long term delay can be obtained by placing a volatile ltn,,irf 

ZTZEl 1 !?*"- B. W . that *• wc^ wiU HcetTthe l3 
uaad. DO NOT MAKE PINHOLE IN SIDE OF CAN* 

XafO Xo. U 

SHORT TERM TIME DELAY FOR GRENADE 

A simple modification can produce delays of approximately 12 eec- 
onda for grenades when fired from Grenade Launchers (Section IV. Xo. 3>. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Grenade 
Nail 

Safety fuse 

?^\/^'" f€ty<>riraprovl * edfu » em *y»>«««ed. However aince dif 
ferent time delay, will result, determine the burning rate^e fuTe «r.t. 

PROCEDURE ■ 



Body of Crlmp 



1. Unscrew fuse mechanism 
from body of grenade and re- 
move. Pliers may have to 
be uaad. 



2. . Carefully cut with knife 
or break off detonator 
at crimp and aava for later 
use. 



3, Remove safety pin pull ring 
and lever, letting striker hit the 
primer. Place fuse mechanism 
aalde until delay fuse powder 
mix In mechanism is completely 
burned. 




CAUTION: If detonator is cut or broken below the crimp, detonation 
may occur and severe injuries could result. 



Spring *Mr W» 
Pull Ring 



^ 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



319 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



127 

Primer 
4. Remove pin, spring, and striker. 

Fuse Mechanism 
(Pin, Spring and 

Striker Removed) 




3. Remove primer from fuse 
mechanism by pushing nail 
through l>ottnm end of primer 

hole and tapping with hammer. 




6. Insert safety fuse through top 
of primer hole. Knlarge hole If 
necessary. The fuse should go 
completely through the hole. 




7. Insert fuse into detonator and 
tape it securely to modified fuse 
mechanism. 




Detonator 



NOTE: Be sure that fuse rests firmly against detonator at ail times. 

8. Screw modified fuse mechanism back into grenade. Grenade is now 
ready for use. 

128 

Tape 

NOTE: If time delay is used for 
Improvised Grenade Launchers 
(Section IV, No. 5) - 

1. Wrap tape around safety 
fuse. 

2. Securely tape fuse to 
grenade. 

3. Load grenade in launcher. 
Grenade will explode in 
approximately 12 seconds 
after safety fuse burns up 
to bottom of grenade. 

12 Sec Burning 
Time from this 
Point 




.—Section VI 

*** No. 12 
LONG TERM TIME DELAY FOR GRENADE 

A simple modification can produce delays of approximately 20 sec- 
onds for grenades when fired from Grenade Launchers (Section IV, No. 5) 
MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Grenade 
Nail 

"Strike-anywhere" matches, 6 to 8 . 

Pliers (may not be needed) 

Knife or sharp cutting edge 

Piece of wood 

Safety fuse 

NOTE: Any safety or improvised fuse may be used. However, since 

different time delays will result, determine the burning rate of the fuse 

first. 

PROCEDURE: Bwfy o{ 

Grenade 

1. Unscrew fuse mechanism 
from body of grenade and 
remove. Pliers may have to 
be used. 




2. Insert nail completely through safety hole (hole over primer) - 

Striker 



3. Carefully remove safety pin 
pull ring and lever, and allow 
striker to hit nail. 



Safety Pin 
Pull Ring 




[CAUTION: If for any reason, striker should hit primer instead of nail, 
[detonator will explode after (4-5 sec.) delay time. 



Primer 



4. Push pin out and remove spring 
and striker. Remove nail. 




Fuse Mechanism 
(Pin, Spring and 
Striker Removed) 



Top Section 



5. Carefully remove top 
section of fuse mechanism 
from bottom section by un- 
screwing. Pliers may 
have to be used. 



Bottom Section 




Detonator 




POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



320 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



8. Fire primer by hitting nail placed against top of it. Remove 
fired primer (same a* procedure 5 of Section VI, No. 11) . 



132 



Tap* 




CAUTION: Do not hold assembly in your hand during above operation 
as serious burns may result. 



131 




NOTE: If time delay is used for 
Improvised Grenade Launchers 
(Section IV, Ho. 5) - 

1. Wrap tape around aafety 
fuse. 

2. Securely tape fuse to 

grenade 

3. Load grenade In launcher. 
Grenade will explode in 
approximately 20 seconds 
after safety fuse burns up 
to bottom of grenade. 




20 Sec Burning 
Time from this 
Point 



7. Scrape delay fuse powder with a sharpened stick. Loosen about 
1/4 in. (6 mm) of powder in cavity. 




Section VII 

133 no. i 

CLOTHESPIN SWITCH 

A spring type clothespin is used to make a circuit clos 
ing switch to actuate explosive charges, mines, booby traps 
and alarm systems. 




CittHCtVlH 




CL0T>«Et»tN 

iwitch 



a . Cut off tips (not whole head) of 6 "strike-anywhere" matches with 
sharp cutting edge. Drop them into delay fuse hole. 




Material Required 

Spring type clothespin. 

Solid copper wire -- 1/16 in. (2 mm) in diameter. 

Strong string on wire. 

Flat piece of wood (roughly 1/8 x 1" x 2"). 

Knife. 
Procedure 



"Strike-Anywhere 
Match Tip 



Head 



1. 



9, Place safety fuse in delay 
fuse hole so that it is flush 
against the match tips . 

IMPORTANT: Be sure fuse 
remains flush against the 
match tips at all times. 

10. Thread fuse through 
primer hole. Enlarge hole 
if necessary. Screw mod- 
ified fuse mechanism back 
together. Screw combina- 
tion back into grenade. 
Grenade modification is 
now ready for use. Light 
fuse when ready to use. 




Strip four in. (10 cm) of in- 
sulation from the ends of 2 
solid copper wires. Scrape 
copper wires with pocket 
knife until metal is shiny. 

Wind one scraped wire 
tightly on one jaw of the 
clothespin, and the other 
wire on the other jaw. 

Make a hole in one end of 
the flat piece of wood using 
a knife, heated nail or drill 
Tie strong string or wire 
through the hole. 




PLAT MfCf ## 



k> 



»!•••• UliN •* . « 



1 



POOR MAN f S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



321 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



5. Place flat piece of wood be- 
tween jaws of the clothespin 
switch. 

Basic Firing Circuit 




CLOTHCSFIN 
SWITCH 



CT 



STftONS TWINE 
BATTCRV WrittUW 

When the flat piece of wood 
is removed by pulling the string, the jaws oi 

the clothespin will close completing the circuit. 



CAUTION 



Do not attach the battery until the switch am 
trip wire have been emplaced and examined. Be 
sure the flat piece of wood is separating the jaw; 
of the switch. 



A Method of Use 



.MAIL TO STAKf 

<CL0'»t4>. M "U*T TUfM r«t*lT 
<m TMC Mil I 




T«I 0* LtMI PtMf 1 



2. Retract the striker of the 
mousetrap and attach the trip 
lever across the end of the wood 
base using the staple with which 
the holding wire was attached* 



NOTE: If the trip lever is not 
made of metal* a piece of metal 
of approximately the same size 

should be used. 




TRIP LEVER 




3. Strip one in. (2 1/2 cm) of insulation from the ends of 2 
connecting wires. 



4. Wrap one wire tightly around 
the spring loaded striker of the 
mousetrap. 



136 

5. Wrap the second wire around 
some part of the trip lever or 
piece of metal. 





HOW TO USE: 




CONNECTING WIRES ™ 




This switch can be used in a number of ways -- one typical method 
is presented here. 

The switch is placed inside a box which also contains the explosive 
and batteries. The spring loaded striker is held back by the lid 
of the box and when the box is opened the circuit is closed* 

Shelf Explosive Blasting Cap 

Mousetrap Switch 



Box 



, -- Section VII 
J"" No. 2 

MOUSETRAP SWITCH 




Battery 



Section VII 
L37 No. 3 



•witc 
traps 



FLEXIBLE PLATE SWITCH 
A common mousetrap can be used to make a circuit closing 

:h for electrically initiated explosives, mines and booby This pressure sensitive switch is used 

for initiating emplaced 



MATERIEL REQUIRED : 

Mousetrap 
Hacksaw or File 
Connecting wires 




TRIP LEVER 



PROCEDURE : 

1. Remove the trip lever from 
the mousetrap using a hacksaw 
or file. Also remove the staple 
and holding wire. 



i 




STAPLE 




mines and explosives. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Two flexible metal sheets 

one approximately 10 in. (25 cm) square 
one approximately 10 in. x 8 in. (20 cm) 

Piece of wood 10 in. square by 1 in. thick 

Four soft wood blocks I in.x 1 in.x 1/4 in. 

Eight flat head nails, 1 in. long 

Connecting wires 

Adhesive tape 

PROCEDURE : 

1. Nail 10 in. x 8 in. metal NAILS 
sheet to 10 in. square piece of 
wood so that 1 in. of wood shows 
on each aide of metal. Leave 
one of the nails sticking up 
about 1/4 in. 





METAL 
SHEET 



WOOD BASE 



POOR MAN f S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



322 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



2, Strip insulation from the end 
of one connecting wire. Wrap 
this end around the nail and 
drive the nail all the way in. 



3* Place the four wood blocks 
on the corners of the wood 
base. 





WOOD BLOCKS 




4. Place the 10 in. square 
flexible metal sheet so that it 
rests on the blocks in line 
with the wood base. 



138 



5. Drive four nails through the 
metal sheet and the blocks to 
fasten to the wood base. A 
second connecting wire is attache 
to one of the nails as in Step 2. 



Section VII 
139 No. 4 

METAL BALL SWITCH 

This switch will close an electric circuit when it is tipped 
in any direction. It can bo used alone for booby traps or in 
combination with another switch or timer as an anti-disturbance 
switch. 



MATERIAL REQUIRED; 

Metal Ball 1/2" (11/4 cm) 

diameter (see Note) 
Solid copper wire 1/16" (1/4 cm) 

diameter 
Wood block 1" ( 2 1/2 cm) square 

by 1/4" thick 
Hand drill 

Connecting wires 
Soldering iron f* solder 

NOTE : If other than a 1/2" diameter ball is used, other dimensions 
must be changed so that the ball will rest in the center hole of the 
block without touching either of the wires. 




6. Wrap adhesive tape around the 
edges of the plate and wood base. 
This will assure that no dirt or 
other foreign matter will get 
between the plates and prevent 
the switch from operating. 

TAPE 



HOW TO USE: 




PROCEDURE: 



1- Drill four 1/16" holes and 
one 1/8" hole through the wood 
block as shown. 




2. Form two "0" shaped pieces 
from 1/16" copper wire to the 

dimensions shown. 




1/16" HOLE 
1/8" HOLE 



ONE 1" HIGH 
ONE 1-1/2** HIGH 



The switch ie placed in a hole in the path of expected traffic 
rn^t. C r i^ re Tr ith f mn Uy " °< dirt •* other^mouflalS 

SSS& EtuHld ME? •afis** device ******& ?o ^ 

desired. h * •witch or emplaced eUewhere a. 

THIN LAYER OF DIRT 



SWITCH 



ROAD SURFACE 




L 

3. Wrap a connecting wire 
around one leg of each "U" at 
least 1/4" from the end and 
solder in place. 



U*0 



CONNECT TO 
EXPLOSIVE 
When a vehicle passes over the switch, the two metal 
plates make contact closing the firing circuit. 



4. Place metal ball on block so 
that it rests in the center hole. 

5. Insert the ends of the small 
"U" into two holes in the block. 
Insert large "U" into the re- 
maining two holes. 







*«fl 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



323 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



M 



CAUTION; Make sure that the 
metal ball doe* not touch either 

U" shaped wire when the • witch 
it standing on its base. If the 
ball does touch, bend wires out- 
ward slightly. 




Contacts 



Wire 



HOW TO USE: _. 

5. Securely tape contact strips 
Mount switch vertically and connect in electrical firing to *«*es of container, 
circuit as with any other switch. When tipped in any direction 
it will close the circuit. 




Wire 



Containe r 



Small 
Clearance 



[ 



CAUTION: Switch must be mounted vertically and not| 
disturbed while completing connections . 

Section VII 
UP No.S 

ALTIMETER SWITCH 




Contacts Taped 
To Container 



HOW TO USE: 



1. Connect the altimeter switch in an explosive circuit the same 
a* any switch. 



ai 



This switch is designed for use with explosives placed on 2. Place the explosive package on airplane. As the plane 
rcraft. tt will close an electrical firing circuit when an rises the air inside the container will expand. This forces the 

plastic sheet against the contacts closing the firing circuit. 



altitude of approximately 5000 ft (1-1/2 KM) is reached. 



MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Jar or tin can 

Thin sheet of flexible plastic or waxed paper 

Thin metal sheet (cut from tin can| 

Adhesive Tape 

Connecting Wires 

PROCEDURE: 



1. Place sheet of plastic or waxed paper over the top of the can 
or Jar and taps tightly to sides of container. 




NOTE: The switch win not function in a pressunzea caoin. 
It must be placed in some part of the plane which will not be 
Pressurised. 

TEScuorv^ "" 



uo 



No. 6 
PULL-LOOP SWTTCH 






NOTE: Plastic sheet should not be stretched tight. A small 
jspression should be l«ft_in the top. 

Depression 

Plastic Sheet 



] 




2. Cut two contact strips from thin metal and bend to the 
■ napes shown. 

Outside Diam. 

of Container 




1/2 Diam. 
of Container 



Small Hole 



1. Strip insulation from the 
ends of two connecting wires. 
Attach one wire to each contact 
strip. 

NOTE: If a soldering iron is 
available solder wires in 

pi. 




This switch will Initiate explosive charges, mines, and booby traps 
when the trip wire is pulled. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 



2 lengths of insulated wire 

Knife 

Strong string or cord 

Fins thread that will break easily 

PROCEDURE : 

1. Remove about 2 inches of in- 
sulation from one end of each 
length of wire. Scrape bare wire 
with knife until metal is shiny. 



2. Make a loop out of each piece 
of bare wire. 

3. Thread eaoh wire through the 
loop of the other wire so the wires 
can slide along each other. 



NOTE: The loops should contact each other when the two 
pulled taut. 

liili 

HOW TO USE: 




\ s Insulated 



Wire 




res are 



Loops 



Contact 



Connecting 
Wire 



11*2 



?.* ,r Uce .u onUcl • tri P? ° v «' container so that the larger contact 
two ,m * Uer Wilh * ver V •™ U clearance between the 



1. Separate loops by about 2 In- 
ches. Tie piece of fine thread 
around wires near each loop 
Thread should be taut enough to 
support loops and wire, yet fine 
enough that it will break under a 
very slight pull. 




Wire 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



324 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



2. Fasten one wire to tree or stake and connect end to firing circuit. 

3. Tie a piece of cord or string around the other piece of wire a few 
inches from the loop. Tie free end of cord around tree, bush, or stake. 
Connect the free end of the wire to the firing circuit. Initiation will 
occur when the tzipcord is pulled. 




X 



Pull-Loop Switch 




OTHER USES : The switch minus the fine thread may be used to activate 

a booby trap by such means as attaching it between the lid and a rigid 

portion of a box, between a door and i door jamb, and in similar manners 

. I - Section VII 

l05 no. 7 

KNIFE SWITCH 

This device will close the firing circuit chargea. mines, and booby 
traps when the trip wire is pulled or cut. 



MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Knife or hack aaw blade 

6 nails 

Strong string or light rope 



Sturdy wooden board 
Wire 



MATERIAL REQUIRED : 

Pages from Improvised Munitions Handbook 

Straight sticks about 1 foot (30 cm) long and 1/4 in. (5 mm) in diameter 
Thread or fine string 
PROCEDURE : 

1. Make a notch about 1/2 in. <1 cm) from each end of stick. Be sure 
that the two notches are the same distance from the end of the stick. 

2. Find the exact center of the stick 
by folding in half a piece of thread 
the same length as the stick and 
placing it alongside the stick as a 
ruler. Make a small notch at the 
center of the stick. 



3. Tie a piece of thread around the 
notch. Suspend stick from branch, an- 
other stick wedged between rocks, or 
by any other means. Be sure stick is 
balanced and free to move. 



V 



J 




NOTE: If stick is not balanced, 
shave or scrape a little off the heavy [_, , 

end until it does balance. Be sure ' i/2 length 
the lengths of the arms are the same. f stick 



Thread 



PROCEDURE : 

1. ' Place knife on board. Drive 2 nails into board on each side of knife 
handle so knife is held in place. 

2. Drive one nail into board so that it touches blade of knife near the 

point. v 

9. Attach rope to knife. Place rope across path. Apply tension to 
rope, pulling knife blade away from nail slightly. Tie rope to tree, 
bush, or stake. 

4. Drive another nail into board near the tip of the knife blade as shown 
below. Connect the two nails with a piece of conducting wire. Nail should 
be positioned so that it will contact the second nail when blade is pulled 
about 1 inch (2-1/2 cm) to the side. 

Wires to 

Circuit 




Trlpcord 
in Tension 

NOTE: Check position of naila to knife blade. The nails should be 
placed so that the knife blade will contact either one when the rope is 
pulled or released. 

HOW TO USE : 

Attach one wire from firing circuit to one of the naila and the other to 
the knife blade. The circuit will be completed when the trlpcord is 

pulled or released. 

Section VII 

lk6 No. 8 

IMPROVISED SCALE 



4 . Make a container out of one 
piece of paper. This can be done by 
rolling the paper into a cylinder and 
folding up the bottom a few times. 

5. Punch 2 holes at opposite sides 
of paper container. Suspend con- 
tainer from one side of stick. 

6. Count out the number of hand- 
book pages equal in weight to that 
of the quantity of material to be 
weighed. Each sheet of paper 
weighs about 1.3 grams (20 grains 
or .04 ounce). Suspend these 
sheets, plus one , to balance con- 
tainer on the other side of the 
scale. 

7. Slowly add the material to be 
weighed to the container. When the 
stick is balanced, the desired 
amount of material is in the 
container. 

8. If it is desired to weigh a quantity of material larger than that which 
would fit in the above container, make a container out of a larger paper 
or paper bag, and suspend from one side of the stick. Suspend hand- 
book pages from the other side until the stick is balanced. Now place 

a number of sheets of handbook pages equal in weight to that of the 
desired amount of material to be weighed on one side, and fill the 
container with the material until the stick is balanced. 

9. A similar method may be used to measure parts or percentage by 
weight. The weight units are unimportant. Suspend equal weight con- 
tainers from each aide of the stick. Bags, tin cans, etc. can be used. 
Place one material in one of the containers . Fill the other container 
with the other material until they balance. Empty and refill the num- 




ber of times necessary to get the required parts by weight (e.g. , 5 to 1 
This scale provides a means of weighing propel 1 ant and other P*rts by weight would require 5 fillings of one can for one filling of the 
items when conventional scales or balances are not available. other). 



* 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



325 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 




litf 



SecUon VII 
1MB No. 9 

ROPE GRENADE LAUNCHING TECHNIQUE 



CAUTION: If safety lever should be released for any reason, grenade 
will explode after regular delay time (4-5 sec.) . 



NOTE : If diameter of safety fuse is too large to fit in hole (Step 4), 
follow procedure and How to Use of Time Delay Grenade, Section VI, 
No. 9. instead of Steps 3 and 4 above. 
HOW TO USE : 

1. Light fuse. 

2. Whirl grenade overhead, holding knot at end of rope, until grenade 
picks up speed (3 or 4 turns). 



3. Release when sighted on target. 



CAUTION: Be sure to release grenade within 10 seconds after fuse 
is lit. 



NOTE: It is helpful to practice first with a dummy grenade or a rock 

to improve accuracy. With practice, accurate launching up to 100 meters 

(300 feet) can be obtained. 
A method of increasing the distance a grenade may be thrown. Safety 

fuse is used to increase the delay time. 



MATERIAL REQUIRED : 



Hand grenade (Improvised pi|>e hand grenade. Section II, No. 1 may be 

used) 

Safety fuse or fast burning Improvised Fuse, (Section VI, No. 7) 
Light rope, cord, or string 



Section VII 

No, 10 

BICYCLE GENERATOR POWER SOURCE 



150 



PROCEDURE : 

1: Tie a 4 to 6 foot (1 meter) length 
of cord to the grenade. Be sure 
that the rope will not prevent the 
grenade handle from coming off. 



Rope 




A 6 volt, 3 watt bicycle generator will set off one or two blasting 
caps (connected in series) or an igniter. 

MATERIAL REQUIRED : 



Bicycle generator (6 volts, 3 watt) 

Copper wi re 

Knife 

PROCEDURE: 



Note: If improvised grenade is used, tie cord around grenade near the 

end cap. Tape in place If necessary. 

1. Strip about 4 in. (10 cm) of 

2. Tie a Urge knot in the other end of the cord for use as a handle. coatin * from both ends * 2 copper 

wires. Scrape ends with knife 



3. Carefully remove safety pin from 
grenade, holding safety lever in 
place. Enlarge safety pin hole with 
point of knife, awl, or drill so that 
safety fuse will pass through hole. 



4. Insert safety fuse in hole. Be 
sure that safety fuse is long enough no _- 
to provide a 10 second or more time 
delay. Slowly release safety lever 
to make sure fuse holds safety 
lever in place. 



until metal is shiny. 



Safety Fuse 





2. Connect the end of one wire to 
the generator terminal. 



3. Attach the end of the second 
wire to generator case. This 
wire may be wrapped around a 
convenient projection, taped, 
or simply held against the case 
with the hand. 




To Blasting Cap 
or Squib 




Drive 
Wheel 



Terminal 



Case 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol, 2 



326 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



HOW TO USE: 



151 



1. Connect free ends of wires to blasting cap or squib leads 



CAUTION: If drive wheel is routed, explosive may be set off. 



] 



2. Run the drive wheel firmly and rapidly across the palm of the 
hand to activate generator. 




Section VD 

1$2 No. 11 

AUTOMOBILE GENERATOR POWER SOURCE 

An iutomobll« generator can be used as a means of firing one blast- 
ins; cap or Igniter. (Improvised Igniter, Section V, No. 2. may be need.) 

MATERIAL REQUIRED . 

Automobile generator (6, 12, or 28 volte). (An alternator will not work.) 
Copper Wire 

Strong string or wire, about 5 ft. (150 cm) long and 1/16 In. (1-1/2 mm) 

in diameter 
Knife 

Small light bulb requiring same voltage as generator, (for example, 
bulb from same vehicle as generator). 

PROCEDURE : 



1. Strip about 1 la. (2-1/2 em) of 
costing from both ends of 3 copper 
wires. Scrape ends with knife 
until metal la shiny. 




t. Connect the A and F terminals 

with one piece of wire. 



3. Connect a wire to the A 
terminal. Connect another 
to the G terminal. 




MOTE: The F s«l O or C terminal, may act be labeled; in this case, 
connect wires as shown. The F terminal is usually smaller in ■<«• 
thaa the C or O terminal. 



153 



4. Wrap several turns of string 
or wire clockwise around the drive 

pulley. 



HOW TO USE 



1. Connect the free. ends of the 
wires to the light bulb. 




Leads from 
Generator 



Leads to Bulb 
or Detonator 



2. Place one foot on the 
generator to secure it in 
place. Give the string or 
wire i very hard pull to 
light the bulb. 




NOTE: If not successful at first, rewind string snd try sgain several 
times. After repeating this operation and the bulb still does not light, 
follow Step 4, "How to Use." 

3. If light bulb lights, follow Steps 1 and 2 of sbove, "How to Use," 
connecting free ends of wires to blasting cap or igniter instesd of to 
light bulb. 

4. If tight bulb doea not light 
after several pulls, switch leads 
connected to F and G terminals. 
Repeat above "How to Use." 
Steps 1 to 3. 

Section VH 
No. 12 

IMPROVISED BATTERY (SHORT LASTING) 



15k 




This battery is powerful but must be used within 14 minutes after 
fabrication. One cell of this battery will detonate one blasting cap or 
igniter. Two cells, connected In series, will detonate two of these 
devices and so on. Larger cells have a longer life as well as greater 
power. 



MATERIALS 

Water 

Sodium hydroxide (lye, solid 
or concentrated solution) 



Copper or brass piste, about 

4 in. (10 cm) square sad 1/16 in, 

(2 mm) thick 



COMMON SOURCE 



Soap manufacturing 
Disinfectants 
Sewer cleaner 



1 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol 



327 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



Aluminum plate or sheet, 
"me lite a* copper plate 

Charcoal powder 

Container for mixing 

Knife 

One of the following: 
Potaasium permanganate, aolid 



Calcium hypochlorite, aolid 



156 



CAUTION: If solution seta on akin, wash off Immediately with water. 



1 



Manganese dioxide (pyroluclte) 



Disinfectants 
Deodorants 

Disinfectants 

Water treating chemicals 

Chlorine bleaches 
Dead dry-cell batteries 



2. Place an aluminum 
plate on top of the mixture 
on each copper plate. 
Press firmly. Remove 
any excess that oozea out 
between the plates. 



Aluminum 
Plate 




Copper Plate 



E 



CAUTION: Be aure plates are not touching each other at any point. 



] 



NOTE: Be aure sodium hydroxide solution is at least a 45% solution by 
weight. If not, boil off some of the water. If solid sodium hydroxide la 
available, dissolve some sodium hydroxide in about twice aa mud, water 
(by volume) . 



Aluminum 
Plate 



155 



PROCEDURE: 



1 . Scrap* coating off both 
ends of wires with knife 
until metal is shiny. 





3. If more than one cell Is 
used, place the cells on top 
of each other so that unlike 
metal plates are touching. 

Copper Plate 
Aluminum Plate 



Copper Plate 

4. When ready to fire, clean plates with knife where connections are to 
be made. Connect one wire to the outer aluminum plate. This maybe done by 
holding the wires against the plates or by hooking them through holes punched 
through plates. If wires are hooked through plates, be sure they do not 
touch mixture between plates. 

Copper Wire 



2. Mix thoroughly {do not grind) approximately equal volumes ot 
powdered charcoal and one of the following: potaasium permangenate, 
calcium hypochlorite, or manganese dioxide. Add water until a very 
thick paste la formed, 

I CAUTION: Avoid getting any of the ingredient on the skin or in the eyes. I 



Aluminum Plate 
Copper Plate 





3. Spread a layer of this 
mixture about 1/8 In. (2 mm) 
thick on the copper or brass 
piste. Be sure mixture U 
thick enough so that when 
mixture is sandwiched be- 
tween two metal plates, 
the plates will not touch 
each other at any point. 



NOTE: If mora power la required, prepare several plates as above. 



Copper Plate 

■ 

Copper 

Wire Aluminum Plate 



Copper Plate 
Muminum Plate 




Copper 
Wire 



Copper Plate 



157 



Section Vn 
No. 13 
IMPROVISED BATTERY (2 HOUR DURATION) 



HOW TO USE : 

1. Just prior to use (no 
more than IS minutes), 
carefully pour a email 
quantity of sodium hydrox- 
ide solution over the mix- 
ture on each plate used. 




This battery should be used within 2 hours and should be securely 
wrapped. Three cells will detonate one blasting cap or one Igniter. 
Five cells, connected In series, will detonate two of these devices and 
no on. Larger cells have a longer life and will yield more power. 

If depolarizing materials such as potassium permanganate or 
m a ngan ese dioxide cannot be obtained, ten cells without depolarizer, 
arranged as described below, (Step 4) will detonate one blasting cap. 



MATERIALS 



Water 



COMMON SOURCE 



Ammonium chloride (sal ammoniac) 
(solid or concentrated solution) 



Medicines 

Soldering Duxes 

Fertilizers 

Ice melting chemicals for 



POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 2 



328 



IMPROVISED MUNITIONS 



Charcoal powder 



Copper or brae* plate about 4 la. 
(10 cm) square and 1/16 In. (2 mm) 
thick 

Alu m i n um plate same else ae 
copper or brass plate 

Wax end paper (or waxed paper) 

Wire, at ring or tape 

Container for mixing 

KMfa 



Que of me following: 
Potassium permanganate, aolld 



1*9 



Candle* 



Manganese dioxide 



Disinfectants 

Deodorant* 

Dead dry bauertea 



NOTE: If ammonium chloride solution ia not concentrated (at least 
45% by weight) boil off some of the water. 



158 



PROCEDURE: 



1. Mix thoroughly (do not grind) approximately equal volume* of pow- 
dered charcoal, ammonium chloride and one of the following: potassium 
permanganate or manganeae dioxide. Add water until a very thick paste 
ia formed. If ammonium chloride ia in solution form, it may not be 
necessary to add water. 



b. Wrap the combined cells 
in heavy waxed paper. 
The waxed paper can be 
made by rubbing candle 
wax over one aide of a 
piece of paper. Secure 
the paper around the 
battery with string. 
wire or tape. Expose 
the top and bottom met- 
al plates at one corner. 



HOW TO USE : 




Copper Wires 
to Explosives 



1. Scrape a few inchea off each end of two wires with knife Oil metal la 
shiay. 

2. Clean plates with knife until metal la shiny where connections are 
to be made. 

3. Connect one wire from the explosive to a copper or brass plate and 
the other wire to an aluminum plate. The connection can be made by 
holding the wire against the plate. A permanent connection can be made 
by hooking the wire through holea in the exposed comers of the plates. 
The battery la now ready for use. 



NOTE: If battery begins to fail after a few firings, scrape the plates 
and wires where connections are made until metal la shiny. 



2. Spread a layer of this mix- 
ture, about 1/8 in. (3 mm) thick, 
on a clean copper or brass plate. 
The layer must be thick enough 
to prevent a second plate from 
touching the copper plate when 
it la pressed on top. 




160 



Section VD 
No, 14 



ARMOR MATERIALS 

The following table shows the amount of indigenous materials needed 
to atop ball type projectiles of the 3. 56 mm, .30 caliber, and . SO cali- 
ber ammunition fired from their respective weapons at a distance ot 10 
feet (3 m). . 



3. Press an aluminum plate very 
firmly upon the mixture on the cop- 
per plate. Remove completely any 
of the mixture that squeezes out 
between the platea . The plates 
must not touch. 



Aluminum 
Plate 




Copper Plats 



4. If more than one cell Is desired: 



a. Place one cell on top of 
the other ao that unlike 
metal plates are touching. 



Aluminum 
Plate 



Copper Plate 
Aluminum Plate 




■ 


THICKNESS OF MATERIALS 




■ 


Inches 




| Centimeters 






5.56 


.30 


.» 


S.S6 


.30 


.SO 




INDIGENOUS 
MATERIAL 


mm 


cal 


cal 


mm 


cal 


cal 




7.62 


12.70 


7.62 


12.70 








ITXTTl 


ram 




mm 


mm 




Mild steel (structural) 


z 


i 


3 

3 


'i 


•I 


2 




Mild aluminum 


■ 


■ 


2 


*i 


*i 


3 




(structural) 


■ 


* 




Pine wood (soft) 


14 


22 


32 


36 


56 


62 




Broken atones (cobble 
gravel) 


3 


4 


II 


6 


II 


28 




Dry aand 


4 


5 


14 


II 


13 


36 




Wet sand or earth 


6 


13 


21 


16 


33 


34 





Copper Plats 



NOTE: After many projectiles are fired into the armor, the armor 
will break down. More material muat be added.